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Loan words

Historical loan words

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Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

hari

1. (verb) (-a) to dance, sing a song to a dance, lead (a song).

Nā te kuia reo reka te waiata i hari. / The elderly woman with a lovely voice led the song.

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Synonyms:


2. (verb) to be happy, delighted, glad.

Ka hari tōna ngākau ina tae mai taua wā (TKO 1/1914:3). / He will be happy when that time arrives.

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3. (noun) joy, happiness, elation, euphoria, gladness, delight, joyfulness.

E rua ngā mea tino nui e matea ana e te tangata: Ko te ora roa, ko te hari (TP 4/1906:10). / The two main things needed by a person are: A long life and happiness.

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See also harikoa

Synonyms: whāwhāpū, koa, manahau, manamanahau, koanga, koakoa, harikoa, hurō, harakoakoa, whakamanamana, takaahuareka, tūrangahakoa


4. (noun) dance, song to a dance.

Ko tēnei hari nā tētahi wahine pouaru i titotito (TW 3/3/1877:85). / This song to a dance was composed by a widow.

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kōtaratara

1. (modifier) prickly, thorny.

Kia tūpato i ngā rau kōtaratara nei kei kei werohia koe. / Be careful of these prickly leaves in case you're jabbed.

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See also taratara

Synonyms: matara, taratara, tiotio, tuatete, mākinakina, korotiotio, pūtiotio


2. (modifier) piercing, keen, biting.


3. (noun) mountain holly, Māori holly, Olearia ilicifolia - a shrub with long, pointed, stiff, leathery leaves and wavy, sharply toothed edges, hence the English names. During spring the bush is covered in clusters of white daisies. Found from East Cape to Stewart Island.

See also hakeke

Synonyms: hakeke


4. (noun) haka of triumph, dance of triumph, victory dance.

Ko ngā mano Tūru kua heke mai ki tētahi tarawāhi o te awa, ki te tū i tō rātou kōtaratara whawhai (THM 1/4/1886:2). / Thousands of Zulus descended to one side of the river to perform their victory war dance.

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kanikani

1. (verb) (-a) to dance.

Hei te pō o te Hātarei ka huihui ki taua mahi, ka kanikani, ā ao noa te rā ka rokohanga e te hiamoe (TP 2/1907:2). / On Saturday night they will gather for that activity and dance, and next day they will want to sleep.

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2. (verb) (-a) to rub backwards and forwards, saw.

Otirā meake pai ai, nā te mea e kanikania ana he rākau mō tētahi whare hou, e kore e maha ngā marama kua pai he nohoanga (TWMNT 31/8/1875:195). / But soon it will be fine because timber is being sawn for a new house and it won't be many months before it will be a good place to live.

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Synonyms: kani, orooro


3. (modifier) sawn, milled (of timber).

He rākau kanikani, he pata, ngā utanga mai. / Sawn timber and butter formed the shipment.

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4. (noun) dance, dancing.

Waiho atu ngā rīpene me ngā kākahu o te Pākehā mō ā te Pākehā kanikani (TP 5/1901:3). / Leave the ribbons and Pākehā clothes for the Pākehā dances.

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kanikani patō

1. (noun) tap dancing, tap dance.

takahanga waewae

1. (noun) dance step, dance move.

I tētahi kanikani nahanaha, ka tāruaruatia tētahi tauira nekehanga, ētahi takahanga waewae rānei (RMR 2017). / A sequence dance is when some types of movement, or some dance steps, are repeated.

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haka

1. (verb) (-a,-hia,-ina,-tia) to dance, perform the haka, perform.

E kīia ana i te wā e haka ana tētahi o aua matua, ngarue ana te whenua (TKO 30/6/1920:5). / It is said that at the time that one of those groups was performing the haka, the ground shook.

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See also hahaka

Synonyms: whakahua, whakahaere, whakarite, mahi, hahaka, whakatūtū, tapa, whakaatu, whakaataata


2. (modifier) haka performance, posture dance performance, cultural.

Nō te tau 1910, ka pōwhiritia a Mākereti rātau ko tana kapa haka kia taki haere ki tētehi whakakitenga ki Poihākena ki te mahi i ā rātau mahi ngahau i reira (TTR 1996:122). / In 1910 Mākereti and her cultural group were invited to go to a Sydney exhibition to perform.

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See also kapa haka


3. (noun) performance of the haka, posture dance - vigorous dances with actions and rhythmically shouted words. A general term for several types of such dances.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 65-69, 72-74;)

Tika tonu mātou ki te whare hei kākahutanga i ō mātou kahu Māori, e takatū ana mō te haka, tā rawa te kanohi ki te moko (TP 1/12/1902:3). / We went straight to the house to change into our Māori costumes, prepare for the performance and apply the moko to our faces.

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Synonyms: whakatangitangi, whakaaturanga, whakakite, purei

peruperu

1. (verb) to hop about, perform a war dance.

Ka ara hoki ia matua ia matua ki te peruperu (TP 4/1910:8). / And each division rose up to perform a war dance.

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2. (noun) war dance - leaping haka performed with long weapons to intimidate the enemy. The men leap off the ground left to right in unison.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 65-67;)

Ina rūpeke mai ngā waka waihoe ka tū te peruperu a te waka tuatahi ki te tauranga (JPS 1928:177). / When the competing vessels had assembled, the crew of the first canoe to reach the anchorage performed a war dance.

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3. (noun) potato, Solanum tuberosum - a general term sometimes used in the northern North Island, but also used for a particular cultivar.

Synonyms: kāpana, rīwai, pārete


4. (noun) white throat feathers (of the tūī).

puha

1. (noun) war dance - haka with leaping and performed with long weapons. Similar to a peruperu, using weapons but used to call kinsmen to arms.

Te take o tēnei puha, i hapa i te kai, arā, i te wāwāhanga o te tahua (JPS 1901:76). / The reason for this war dance was that they made an error with the food, that is with the dividing up of the food of the feast.

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tūtū ngārahu

1. (noun) war dance - haka performed with long weapons in which the men jump up and down. Performed by the war party before going into battle, in front of elders and experienced warriors who judged by their performance whether they were ready to go into battle. Also called tūtū ngārehu, tūtū waewae and whakatū waewae.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 65-68;)

Tētahi take nui i whakaaetia e tēnei hui, ko ngā mahi a ngā tūpuna o mua kei ngaro, kia tino mahia nuitia i ēnei rā: Ngā whakataukī, ngā waiata Māori, ngā pepeha, me ngā tikanga katoa o ngā mea, me ngā harihari, tūtū ngārahu, me ngā hari kai (TP 8/1909:11). / An important matter that was agreed to by the meeting was the activities of the ancestors of former times that these should be used widely today: The aphorisms, Māori songs, tribal sayings and the customary practices of everything, the songs to unite people in a common purpose, war dances and songs for presenting food.

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whakahaka

1. (verb) (-ngia,-hia) to make someone dance or perform a haka.

whakatū waewae

1. (noun) war dance - haka with weapons in which the men jump up and down. Performed by the war party before going into battle, in front of elders and experienced warriors who judged by their performance whether they were ready to go into battle. Also called tūtū ngārahu, tūtū ngārehu and tūtū waewae.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 65-68;)

Ka noho ki te haka, ki te whakatū waewae, ka whakatumatuma ake ki tā rātou tangata (TWK 3:15). / They set about performing posture dances and haka with weapons and acting defiantly up at their man.

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See also tūtū ngārahu

tira kanikani

1. (noun) dance troupe.

haka taparahi

1. (noun) ceremonial haka - posture dance performed without weapons. At some stage during this type of haka the men descend to the ground.

Nui atu te mihi ki ngā mahi o te pō, ngā waiata, ngā poi, ngā waiata Māori, Pākehā, me ngā haka taparahi a ngā kaumātua (TTT 1/12/1931:81). / There was much praise for the activities of the night, the songs, the poi, Māori and English songs, and the haka taparahi of the elders.

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kanikani keretao

1. (noun) break-dancing.

kopikopi

1. (verb) to thrust the belly forward.

Whati ana a hope, putē ana a karu, kopikopi ana a puku (HM 1/1994:1). / The hips move from side to side, the wide-open eyes stare and the belly is thrust forward.

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2. (noun) amusing impromptu dance performed by women in which the belly is thrust forward.

Nō te pō ko ngā haka, ko ngā poi, ko ngā kopikopi, kātahi ka tino mate rawa te tangata whenua (TTT 1/9/1917:655). / At night there were haka, poi and kopikopi performances and then the local people were really defeated.

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ngahau

1. (verb) to be enjoyable, entertaining, interesting.

Ki tana kī, he roa e oho ana i ngā pō e kōrero paki ana, ā, ngahau ana ngā mahi (TTR 1996:8). / According to his account, they were awake late at night yarning and it was great fun.

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2. (verb) to be lush, hearty, brisk.

He tātāhou tēnā wāhi, nā reira i ngahau ai te tupu o te kai (W 1971:393). / That place is virgin soil, so the growth of the crop was lush.

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Synonyms: matomato, ngaore, tāmaota


3. (modifier) enjoyable, entertaining, interesting.

Ko ngā kōrero ngahau kua tāia nei nā te Māori katoa, nā Ngāti Porou (RK 1994:7). / The interesting stories published here are all by Māori, by Ngāti Porou.

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4. (noun) entertainment, dance,  amusement, enjoyment, concert.

I tō māua ngahau atu ki a rātau e kaukau ana, ka tīmata māua ki te tarapekepeke me te hāparangi o ō māua waha ki te karanga atu ki ētahi o rātau kia kaha, kia tere (HP 1991:21). / Because we were enjoying them swimming, we began to jump up and down and yell out to call to some of them to go hard, and fast.

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kani kōmitimiti

1. (noun) fusion (dance).

I ētahi kani kōmitimiti, ka tīkina ake he momo nekeneke o tētahi iwi, ā, ka whakamahia e iwi kē atu i ā rātou ake kanikani (RMR 2017). / With some fusion dances one type of movement from one ethnic group is taken and used by another people in their own dances.

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kanikani matatira

1. (noun) line dancing.

I tētahi kanikani nahanaha, ka tāruaruatia tētahi tauira nekehanga, ētahi takahanga waewae rānei. Ko te tengitengi tētahi momo kanikani ka taka ki raro i tēnei whakarōpūtanga, ko te pekerangi, ko te kanikani matatira anō hoki (RMR 2017). / A sequence dance is when some types of movement, or some steps, are repeated. One type of dance that falls under this category is a waltz, and there is also disco dancing and line dancing.

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kanikani nahanaha

1. (noun) sequence dancing.

I tētahi kanikani nahanaha, ka tāruaruatia tētahi tauira nekehanga, ētahi takahanga waewae rānei. Ko te tengitengi tētahi momo kanikani ka taka ki raro i tēnei whakarōpūtanga, ko te pekerangi, ko te kanikani matatira anō hoki (RMR 2017). / A sequence dance is when some types of movement, or some steps, are repeated. One type of dance that falls under this category is a waltz, and there is also disco dancing and line dancing.

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kanikani o nāianei

1. (noun) contemporary dance.

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