1. (noun) long weapon - usually of wood and similar to a taiaha but with a smooth point instead of the carved arero.
Tēnā te rangatira o Taranaki he tangata toa, nui whakaharahara, ko Te Raparapa te ingoa. Ka rere mai taua tangata ki roto ki te riri, ka mate iho i a ia tokowhā ngā tāngata, nā tōna ringa ake anō; kātahi ka rere mai ki te patu i a Te Awa-i-taia. Ko te karohanga a Te Awa-i-taia i te pouwhenua a taua tangata, kātahi ka whakarere atu te whiu o tōna wahaika hinga ana a Te Raparapa ki te whenua (TWM 3/5/1866:1). / There was the renowned chief of Taranaki, called Te Raparapa. That man rushed into the battle and he killed four men with his own hand. Then he rushed to kill Te Awa-i-taia. Te Awa-i-taia parried the pouwhenua of that man and then he wielded his wahaika felling Te Raparapa to the ground.
2. (noun) post marker of ownership, boundary marker, land marker post, land symbol of support - post placed prominently in the ground to mark possession of an area or jurisdiction over it.
Ko ngā pouwhenua me ngā tāngata tēnei e whai ake nei (Wh4 2004:16). / This following is the list of land marker posts and leaders.
See also pou whenua
3. (noun) supreme tohunga, leader.
Ko tā te rangatira kupu tōna whakataukī ki ahau, ki a Ngā Puhi, he pouwhenua, he toa anō tō tēnā hapū, tō tēnā iwi (TTT 1/9/1922:16). / I, Ngā Puhi, have a saying that each sub-tribe and tribe has leaders.