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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

ki

1. (particle) to, into, towards, on to, upon - indicates motion towards something.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 12-14, 41-42; Te Kākano Study Guide (Ed. 1): 25-26;)

Hoki mai ki konei! / Come back here!

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2. (particle) at, in - to show the place where an event occurs, especially if there is movement to where the event takes place or it is in the future.

(Te Māhuri Study Guide (Ed. 1): 32;)

Nō te tau 2004 ka tū te hui ki Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau. / The conference was held in 2004 at the University of Auckland.

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3. (particle) according to, in the opinion of - used to introduce an opinion or point of view.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 85-86;)

Ki taku mōhio, nā Pita tēnā mahi. / I think Peter did that.

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Synonyms: hei tā ..., e ai ki, e ai ki a [ia] ..., kīhai ki


4. (particle) Used with hei to show relationships.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 54;)

Hei irāmutu ia ki a au. / She is a niece to me.

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5. (particle) with, by means of.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 24-26;)

Tapahia te mīti ki te naihi koi. / Cut the meat with a sharp knife please.

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6. (particle) Sometimes ki merely connects the verb to its object, especially when experience verbs are used (e.g. pīrangi, hiahia, mōhio, mahara, tūmanako).

Ka mōhio a Kiwa ki taua pūrākau. / Kiwa knows that legend.

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7. (particle) if.

1. (loan) (verb) to lock.

E rua ngā tatau o te whare hoko, he mea , he mea tūtaki ki te tūtaki (MM.TKM 30/4/1856:6). / There are two doors to the store, one secured by a lock, one by a bolt.

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2. (loan) (stative) be locked.

Ahakoa ko ngā tāngata o roto o taua whenua, ka haere atu ki taua whenua, ka pono atu e ana te kēti, me āta haere atu ki te tangata i a ia te kī o te kēti (TW 16/11/1878:579). / Although there are people present on that land, when you go on that land, you will find the gate locked and you must go to the person with the key of the gate.

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3. (loan) (noun) key.

Ahakoa ko ngā tāngata o roto o taua whenua, ka haere atu ki taua whenua, ka pono atu e kī ana te kēti, me āta haere atu ki te tangata i a ia te o te kēti (TW 16/11/1878:579). / Although there are people present on that land, when you go on that land, you will find the gate locked and you must go to the person with the key of the gate.

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1. (verb) (-a,-ia,-tia) to say, speak, express, utter, call, mention, tell, designate.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 7;)

E kīia ana i pāngia ia e tētahi mate pīwa (TP 8/1899:s2). / It is said that he was suffering from a fever.

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2. (noun) saying, word.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 7;)

Ko te , i whānau a Hōne (Hōni) Tāmati Pereki i Ōrākei, i Ākarana i te 4 o Āperira 1853 (TTR 1996:7). / The word is that John Thomas Blake was born at Ōrākei, Auckland, on 4 April 1853.

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1. (stative) be full.

I te wā o te tau e nui ana te waiū o aku kau, e rua kē ngā kēna waiū e ana i te rā (HP 1991:25). / At the times of the year when my cows had a lot of milk, two cans of milk would be filled per day.

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e kī (e kī)

1. (interjection) you don't say! is that right! well, well! really! get you! - an expression of surprise, amazement or anger at what has been heard or seen. Sometimes as e kī rā.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 106; Te Pihinga Audio Tapes/CDs (Ed. 2): exercise 40; Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 220;)

E kī, kua oti tō tuhinga whakapae i a koe te tuhi! / Is that right, you've finished writing your thesis!

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kī taurangi

1. (verb) (-hia,-tia) to promise, guarantee, vow, make an oath, pledge, assure, swear an oath.

I te tukunga o te patu i te tau 1865, ka kī taurangi a Kerei me Te Mākarini, ka tohua ngā whenua o Ngāti Porou ki a rātau anō (TTR 1990:40). / When weapons were laid down in 1865 Grey and McLean promised that Ngāti Porou land would be preserved for the tribe's own use.

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2. (noun) promise, guarantee, vow, oath, pledge, word, word of honour, assurance.

Ka oti i a ia te kī taurangi a Ngata, arā, mehemea e utua ana e te Māori he utu nui mō tō rātou rangatiratanga tangata, me whiwhi hoki rātou i ngā tino painga (TTR 2000:15). / He honoured Ngata’s promise that if Maori paid the price of citizenship they would receive its rewards (DNZB 2000:30).

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See also taurangi

ki te ...

1. (particle) in the event of, if.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 66-67;)

Ki te mutu te ua, ka haere ngā tamariki ki waho. / If the rain stops the children will go outside.

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See also ki


2. (particle) to, that - when followed by a verb ki te marks the infinitive indicating a purpose, wish, or effect. Used in this way if the second verb is in the active or is not a stative, or if the subject of the subordinate clause is the same as that of the main clause, i.e. the person, people, thing or things doing the actions in the two parts of the sentence are the same.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 14, 98;)

Kua haere ia ki te mahi. / She has gone to work.

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3. (particle) with, by - when preceded by a passive verb.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 25;)

Horoia ōu ringaringa ki te hopi! / Wash your hands with soap!

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kī puru

1. (stative) be crammed full.

He nui atu te Māori i tae ki taua whakawā, kī puru te kōti i a rātou (KO 19/11/1886:2). / Many Māori arrived at that judgement, the court was crammed full with them.

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whai kī

1. (verb) to make a speech.

Ko te whakauru ki taua karapu me ngau te tangata ki te paepae hamuti, kātahi anō ka mana ki te whai kī i roto i taua whakaminenga (TTT 1/2/1927:533). / For the membership of that club a person must undertake an initiation ritual and only then is he able to have speaking rights in that assembly.

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See also whaikī

kīhai ki

1. according to - an idiom which is followed by a possessive, e.g. tāna.

Kīhai ki tā rātou kōrero, he tikanga tērā mai rā anō (HKK 1999:192) / According to their accounts, that is a custom from long ago.

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Synonyms: ki, e ai ki a [ia] ..., hei tā ..., e ai ki

ki konā

1. until the cows come home, until you’re blue in the face - sometimes used as an idiom this way.

Kāore he aha tahi ki a rātou ki konā kīia atu ai kia kaua e pērā tohe tonu mai ana. / You can tell them until the cows come home to not argue like that but they don't care.

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hauwhā ki

1. (verb) to be a quarter to.

Kua aha te tāima? Kua hauwhā ki whitu. / What's the time? It's a quarter to seven.

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kī tahi

1. (modifier) speaking only once.

He tangata kī tahi (NP 2001:120). / A person who speaks only once (i.e. a reliable person).

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ki ōku (nei) whakaaro ...

1. I think, in my opinion - a phrase used by a speaker to introduce an idea or opinion.

Ki ōku nei whakaaro me pana tō tātou tumuaki. / I think our principal should be sacked.

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Whiringa ki Tawhiti

1. (personal name) Pluto - the tenth-largest body observed directly orbiting the sun.

ara ki waho

1. (noun) exit.

ki te ... ana

1. (particle) when, whenever, if.

(Te Māhuri Textbook (Ed. 2): 63, 64;)

Ki te haere ana ia ki te hī ika, ka mau ētahi ika i a ia. / Whenever he goes fishing he will catch some fish.

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raru ki tai

1. (noun) serious problem - a problem that can not be easily remedied.

He punua raru noa iho tērā - he raru ki uta. Tēnā ia ko tēnei, he raru ki tai. Kāore he putanga, kāore he rerenga e ora ai te tangata (HJ 2012:22). / That was just a small problem - a minor one. But this one, it's a serious problem. There's no way out, no escape for a person to recover.

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raru ki uta

1. (noun) minor problem - a problem that can easily be remedied.

Tamaiti (me te pōuri anō): Māmā, kua mīia e au taku moenga. Māmā: Kei te pai e te tau, he raru ki uta. He māmā noa iho te horoi i ngā hīti (HJ 2012:22). / Child (very upset): Mum, I wet my bed. Mother: That's alright my love, it's a minor problem. It quite easy to wash the sheets.

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tāpiri atu ki

1. in addition to, as well as, added to, coupled with, alongside.

Tāpiri atu ki tēnā, he tino tauira tēnei waiata mō te tūmomo tito waiata a te Māori (TTR 2000:133). / In addition to that, this song was an outstanding classic of Māori songwriting.

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