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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

kapa

1. (noun) team, group, company of people.

I āhua ōrite ngā kapa i te weheruatanga, engari, i te haurua tuarua, ka puta ngā hautipua o Aotearoa ki te kawe i a rātou ki te taumata angitu. / The teams were pretty even at half-time, but in the second half the stars of New Zealand emerged to take them to the successful outcome.

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2. (noun) rank, row, line.

He momo pātengi raraunga te ripanga, he tūtohi, he rite ki te tukutuku te āhua, arā, he kapa ōna, he pou hoki (TRP 2010:241). / A spreadsheet is a type of database, a chart that looks like a grid, that is it has rows and columns.

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kapa

1. (loan) (noun) penny, copper - a former bronze coin equal to one-two-hundred-and fortieth of a pound. Still a British coin now equal to one-hundredth of a pound.

Mō te ōti e 2 hereni me te 9 kapa mō te puhera (TW 12/8/1876:289). / Oats are 2 shillings, 9 pence per bushel.

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See also pene


2. (loan) (noun) copper, copper ore.

He nui hoki ngā rino kōhatu, kapa, me ngā tini mea pērā (TW 10/8/1878:401). / And there is a great amount of iron ore, copper and suchlike.

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kāpā

1. (interjection) it's not as if, on the other hand - sometimes written as two words, i.e. kā pā.

Kāpā kei konei ō māua nā tungāne hei whakarongo i ngā amuamu mō rātou. / It's not as if our brothers are here to listen to the complaints about them.

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kapa haka

1. (noun) concert party, haka group, Māori cultural group, Māori performing group.

Hei ngā ahiahi pō ka akona te hunga mātātahi e tētehi tautōhito ki te haka, ā, whakatūria ana e Te Puea tētehi kapa haka, ko Te Pou o Mangatāwhiri te ingoa (TTR 1996:46). / In the evenings an expert in haka taught the young people to perform, and Te Puea formed a cultural group named Te Pou o Mangatawhiri.

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See also haka

tū kapa

1. (noun) upright stance in haka with feet side by side, slightly apart.

Ko te tū kapa, te tū wahine rānei: He matika te tū, e paku pirara ana ngā waewae (RMR 2017). / The tū kapa or female stance: The stance is upright and the feet are a little apart.

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kapa waiata

1. (noun) choir.

Tū ana ōna kapa haka, kapa waiata, ki te manaaki i ana manuhiri (TWK 14:31). / Their haka party and choir stood to welcome their visitors.

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kapa hōia

1. (loan) (noun) company - a subdivision of an infantry battalion.

Kotahi kapa hōia, nō te 65 e tiaki ana i reira... (TKM 24/5/1849:2). / A company of the 65th regiment was on duty...

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aroaro-ā-kapa

1. (noun) front rank of the kapa haka, front row.

E ai ki te mahara ake o tētehi o te minenga ki a Mere e wani mai ana i te whatārangi kia tū ai ki te aroaro-ā-kapa, ki reira haka tahi atu ai me rātau me te puta o te ihi, o te wana (TTR 1998:1). / One member of the audience remembered Mere gliding across the stage to stand in the front row of the haka group to join them in the haka with great excitement and gusto.

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Kapa Pango Tāroaroa

1. (noun) Tall Blacks.

toru-kapa

1. (loan) (noun) threepence (coin), threepenny bit.

I mua atu i te tina ka tīmata te tono a ngā Māori kia whakawhitiwhiti ā rātou rua-hereni, āwhekaraone rānei ki te toru-kapa, ki te hikipene, ki te hereni (TP 12/1907:11). / Before dinner, the Māori began to ask to change their florins and half-crowns for threepenny bits, sixpences and shillings.

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tū ā-kapa

1. (noun) kapa haka formation.

Ko te tū ā-kapa tētahi āhuatanga matua hei whakaaroaro mā te kaiako, e wana ai ngā mahi i runga i te atamira (RMR 2017). / The kapa haka formation is an important aspect for the tutor to consider so that the activities on the stage are awe-inspiring.

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[kua] taka te kapa

1. (loan) the penny has dropped, I should have realised, I get it now, I get the picture - an idiom adopted from English to indicate that someone has just realised something that should have been obvious from earlier signs.

Kātahi anō ka taka te kapa, kua hapū a Hēni. / The penny has just dropped, Jane is pregnant.

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whakawhitiwhiti rua

1. (noun) type of foot movement in kapa haka.

Ko te whakawhitiwhiti rua: He rite ki te tūwaewae takahia, engari ka huri hoki te tinana ki mauī ki matau (RMR 2017). / The whakawhitiwhiti rua foot movement: Similar to the tūwaewae takahia foot movement, but the body also turns left and right.

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matua

1. (verb) to be adult, grown-up.

Tēnā kia matua ia, he tangata mātau rawa ia, he tangata kaha ki te mahi (TWM 24/10/1871:7). / Now when he is grown-up he will be a clever, industrious person.

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2. (stative) main, chief, important, primary.

Whai muri i te hainatanga o te Tiriti o Waitangi, ka whakatūria e Kāwana Hopihana tana kāwanatanga ki Okiato, ka tapaina e ia te tāone matua hōu, ko Russell (Te Ara 2011). / After the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, Governor Hobson established his seat of government at Okiato. He named the new capital Russell.

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3. (noun) father, parent, uncle.

Kei te tino hari tōku ngākau kua tū nei koe i te tūranga o tō matua, o Te Wiremu (TTT 1/10/1929:1078). / I am overjoyed that you have taken up the position of your father, the Rev. Williams.

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See also pāpā


4. (noun) division (of an army), company, contingent, the body of the kapa haka.

E kīia ana i te wā e haka ana tētahi o aua matua, ngarue ana te whenua (TKO 30/6/1920:5). / It is said that at the time that one of those groups was performing the haka, the ground shook.

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See also mātua

kōkiri

1. (verb) (-tia) to thrust forward, attack, call, charge, rush forward.

Mehemea e kapi ana a waho o te ngutu, kōkiritia tonutia ki waenganui tonu o te matua, engari kia inaki tonu te rere o ngā toa hāpai rākau ki mua (JPS 1919:86). / If outside the entrance is closely guarded, attack right at the middle of the army, but rush as a tightly packed group of warriors with weapons raised in front.

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2. (verb) (-hia,-tia) to champion (a cause), promote, advocate, lead.

Rua tekau ngā tau e kōkiri ana ia i ngā kerēme nunui a Te Tai Tokerau ki te Karauna, ko ia tonu tō rātou tino kaiwawao (TTR 1998:137). / For 20 years he championed the important North Auckland claims against the Crown and he was their leading advocate.

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3. (verb) to rise in a column.

I te ata rawa ka kitea te wai e kōkiri ake ana i te moana, ā i kapi katoa taua wāhi i te mamaoa (TWMNT 11/8/1874:206). / In the morning the water was seen rising in a column from the sea and that place was covered with vapour.

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4. (noun) attack, assault, charge, offensive, strike.

Nō te Oketopa ka ārahina e rātou ko Tāreha me ētahi atu o te kāwai rangatira te matua o Heretaunga ki te tuki i te pā o Puketapu. Engari i hanepī te kōkiri (TTR 1994:190). / In October he, Tāreha with some other chiefs led the Hastings contingent to attack Puketapu pā. But the attack was aborted.

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5. (noun) body of men rushing forward, attack party, forward movement of a kapa haka.

Tokoiwa te kōkiri a Rāpata, kotahi tekau tā Piki kōkiri (W 1971:130). / Robert's attack party was nine men, that of Piki was ten.

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6. (noun) advocacy, promotion, backing, championing.

I te tau 1924 i tētahi huihuinga a te whakaminenga o te Hāhi, ka mana te kōkiri a te rōpū taituarā o Tumutara kia whakatūria a ia hei ūpoko mō te Hāhi Ringatū, arā, ko tōna ingoa hāhi ko pīhopa (TTR 1998:231). / At an assembly of the congregation of the Church in 1924, the advocacy of Tumutara’s supporters succeeded in getting him elected head of the Ringatū Church with the church title of bishop.

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Synonyms: taunaki, tautoko


7. (noun) meteor.

See also kōtiritiri


8. (noun) leatherjacket, Parika scaber - a fish, uniform or mottled greenish grey. Body ovate, diamond-shaped, compressed.

ahuahungāroa

1. (noun) movement of the body turning left and right (in a kapa haka performance).

Ko te ahuahungāroa tēnei: Ka huri te kapa ki mauī ki matau, ki mauī ki matau, me te whai manawataki a ngā ringa me ngā waewae (RMR 2017). / This is the left and right turning movement: The haka performers turn left and right, with the arms and legs in rhythm.

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kurutao

1. (noun) arrowhead formation of a kapa haka group.

Ko te kurutao tētahi momo tū ā-kapa e rite ana ki te upoko tao te āhua o te tū. / The kurutao is a type of formation of a kapa haka group that is like the shape of the head of a spear.

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taihuringa

1. (noun) turning point.

Ko te taihuringa o te paki te wāhanga e tino kaha ai te manawapā, ā, koia hoki te tīmatanga o ngā mahi e tau ai te puehu ā tōna wā (RMR 2017). / The turning point of the story was the part where the tension was really strong and that was the beginning of the activities whereby the dust would settle.

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2. (noun) revolving movement in kapa haka.

Ko te taihuringa, arā, ka huri āmio te rōpū i te kaihaka o waenganui pū (RMR 2017). / Taihuringa is the group circling around the performer in the centre.

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taparere

1. (verb) to be cut short, truncated, restricted, limited, constrained.

He aha te pai o te whakatupu i te kai kotahi, kia taparere ai ki te taewa anake, te kānga anake rānei? (TWMNT 21/3/1876:70). / What good is it in growing just one crop, so that you are restricted to only potatoes or only corn?
He mea tuhi taua pitihana ki te reo Pākehā, i tino taparere ki ngā kupu rōia (TWMNT 11/1/1879:233). / The petition was written in English, and was restricted to legal phraseology.

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2. (modifier) sheer, steep, perpendicular, precipitous.

He ana nui kei raro i taua hiwi i te tatūnga iho o te pari taparere kei te taha moana (NIT 1995:85). / There is a large cave beneath the ridge at the base of the sheer cliff.

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3. (noun) kapa haka formation with alternate rows standing in the gaps.

Ko te taparere: He rite ki te matua, engari he hohoko te tū o ia rārangi ki ngā āputa kei waenganui i ngā kaihaka i te rārangi o mua (RMR 2017). / The taparere formation: It's similar to the traditional formation, but the positions of each line alternate with the gaps between the performers in the line in front.

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tīrakaraka

1. (noun) fantail, Rhipidura fuliginosa - a small, friendly, insect-eating bird of the bush and domestic gardens which has a distinctive tail resembling a spread fan.

See also tīrairaka


2. (noun) type of foot movement in kapa haka.

Ko te tīrakaraka: He reretau te peke ngātahi a te rōpū i runga parowae, ki mauī ki matau, ki mua ki muri (RMR 2017). / The tīrakaraka foot movement: The simultaneous jumping of a group on the balls of their feet to left and right and forward and back.

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