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Found 35 matches

tamariki Play

1. (verb) (-ngia,-tia) to be young.

I te wā e tamariki ana koinā te mahurutanga o te tangata. Ko tēnā te wā hei whāwhātanga ki te mātauranga (TTT 1/2/1925:179). / During the time of childhood a person is untroubled. That's the time to tackle education.


Found 35 matches

2. (modifier) young, youthful, immature (of people).

Kāore i pērā ngā rangatira tamariki ake (TTR 1990:231). / He is not like younger chiefs.


Found 35 matches

3. (noun) children - normally used only in the plural.

E rua ngā kōti tēnehi, me tētahi wāhi purei hōkī, otirā he wāhi motuhake mō ngā tini tākaro a ngā tamariki (TTT 1/12/1930:2201). / There were two tennis courts and a place to play hockey, indeed a special place for the many children's games.


tamariki whāngai Play

1. (noun) foster children, adopted children.

I te matenga o Erueti, whakataua ana e Tiati Tiakihana Pāma kāore e tika kia uru ana tamariki whāngai Pākehā ki ōna whenua (TP 6/1908:5). / When Erueti died Judge Jackson Palmer decided that his Pākehā foster children had no rights to his lands.

See also whāngai, tamaiti whāngai, matua whāngai


Kaikōmihana mō ngā Tamariki, Te Play

1. (loan) Children's Commissioner.


pakokori Play

1. (noun) deck house, cabin (of a large canoe).

Ka arahina rāua e Ruru ki runga ki te waka, ā ka haere rāua ki roto ki te pakokori a Ruru noho ai, ka huna rāua e Ruru ki reira (White 2 1889:27). / They were led onto the canoe by Ruru and they went into Ruru's cabin to stay where Ruru hid them.


2. (noun) play-pen (for small children).

Ka ngōki te tamaiti, ka tū ki runga, ka hangaia e te matua, e ngā tīpuna rānei, he pakokori hei tūnga mō te tamaiti i roto, hei ngā kēkē o te tamaiti te tiketike. He mea porohita te mahinga, he mea pou ki te rākau. Ko runga he mea porohita ki te aka tokai ka whakapuru ai a roto ki te hungahunga whitau, ka hoatu te tamaiti ki roto tū ai, kori ai. Ko tēnei tikanga hei homai kaha uaua ki ngā waewae me te tinana katoa. Ka tangi, ka whāngaia e te hākui i roto tonu i te pakokori i te tamaiti e tū ana i runga i ōna waewae, kia pai ai te heke o te kai ki roto i tōna tinana (TPH 15/1/1900:1). / When the child was able to walk and stand up, the father or grandparents made a play-pen for the child to stand in, and its height was up to the armpits of the child. It was made to be circular and held up with wooden sticks. The top was wound with creeper lashing and the inside was padded with soft flax fibre. The child was placed inside to stand up and to play. This practice was to strengthen the legs and the whole body. When it cried, it was fed by the mother right in the play-pen while the child was standing, so that the food went into its body.


whāereere Play

1. (noun) mother (of one's children), wife.

Ka haere a Tūrongo ki te rāwhiti, ā, ka tae ki te kāinga o Te Angiangi rāua ko te whāereere, ko Tuaka, i te takiwā ki Kahotea (TWK 3:19). / Tūrongo went to the east and arrived at the home of Te Angiangi and his wife, Tuaka, in the district of Kahotea.


2. (noun) mother (of animals).

Ka tere mate ngā kūao whānau hou ki te kore e tere kitea te waiū o te whāereere (HJ 2015:235). / New-born offspring will die quickly if they don't find the mother's milk in a short space of time.


tamariki kokoti tau Play

1. premature babies, children born prematurely - only used in the plural.

Tohutohu mō te tiaki i ngā tamariki kokoti tau, me ngā tamariki ngoikore (TP 5/1908:7). / Instructions for the care of premature babies and for weakly infants.

See also tamaiti kokoti tau


Tiakina ā Tātou Tamariki Play

1. (noun) Commissioner for Children.


pangore Play

1. (verb) to be young, immature, undeveloped.

Kei te pangore anō te kōtiro nei (W 1971:258). / This girl is quite young.


2. (modifier) immature, undeveloped.

Me kī koia nei te hunga pīkari, te hunga pangore kāore tonu i roa i muri mai i te paopaotanga o ngā hua o te manu (HM 4/1997:5). / Let's say that this group are the chicks, the immature ones and it's not long since they've hatched from the bird's eggs.


3. (noun) child, children, youngster.

Kua kore he tāngata o roto o te pā, he wāhine, he pangore anake (W 1971:258). / The are no longer any men in the fort, only women and children.


whanawhanau Play

1. (verb) (-a) to be born, be produced - implies a number of births.

E kīia ana ngā kōrero mō tana wahine tuatoru, mō Ākenehi Pātoka, 13 ngā tamariki i whanawhanaua e ia, engari tokorua noa iho e ora ana i te matenga o Tomoana (TTR 1994:189). / It was said that he had 13 children with his third wife, Agnes Pātoka, but only two were alive when Tomoana died.


2. (noun) having children, giving birth.

Karekau tonu i mutu te whanawhanau a tō mātau whāea (EM 2002:64). / Our mother had not stopped having children.


rotarota Play

1. (verb) (-ia) to sign (with the hands), use sign language.

Kātahi ka haere whakamomoka taua tangata ki tētahi wāhi e tino mārama ai tana titiro atu ki te mahi a taua tangata. Nā, tino kitea ana e ia te mahi a taua tangata tiaki raiti, e rotarota ana ki ētahi Poa i runga i tētahi maunga i tawhiti atu e tū mai ana (TPH 30/3/1900:5). / Then that man went covertly to that place so that he could see clearly what that man was doing. Now, he saw clearly what the light keeper was doing was signalling to some Boers on a mountain standing in the distance.


2. (noun) signal with the hand.

Nō tō rāua kitenga atu i taua taipō ka mutu tā rāua kai, kātahi rāua ka tahuri ki te karakia. Ka mutu kātahi ka rotarota mai te taipō nei ki a rāua, ko te rotarota tēnei: ko te ringa i haere i te pāpāringa mauī ki te pāpāringa katau (TPH 29/9/1900:5). / When they saw that ghost they stopped eating and then began to say ritual chants. When they stopped the ghost made a hand sign to them and this was the gesture: its hand went from its left cheek to the right cheek.


3. (noun) verse for children.

Ko te rotarota he momo rerenga o te kupu e pārekareka ana ki te kōhungahunga. Ka whai wāhi atu ko ngā nuka reo, pērā i te huarite, te oropuare tārua me te orokati tārua (RMR 2017). / Rotarota is a type of verse or phrasing which is appealing to young children. It may contain literary devices such as rhyme, assonance and alliteration (RMR 2017).


whakaaetanga tiaki tamariki Play

1. (noun) parenting agreement, protection of children agreement.

Ka whakarārangi mai i tētahi whakaaetanga tiaki tamariki i ngā whakatau kua whakaaehia (Ministry of Justice MOJ0560M 2014:2) / It outlines a protection of children agreement and the decisions that have been agreed upon.


Aho Matua Play

1. The philosophical base for Kura Kaupapa Māori education for the teaching and learning of children. Te Aho Matua is presented in six parts, each part having a special focus on what, from a Māori point of view, is crucial in the education of children: 1. Te ira tangata – the physical and spiritual endowment of children and the importance of nurturing both in their education; 2. Te reo – principles by which this bilingual competence will be achieved; 3. Ngā iwi – principles important in the socialisation of children; 4. Te ao – those aspects of the world that impact on the learning of children; 5. Āhuatanga ako – the principles of teaching practice that are of vital importance in the education of children; 6. Te tino uaratanga – the characteristics aiming to be developed in children.


whāngai Play

1. (verb) (-a,-hia,-nga,-tia) to feed, nourish, bring up, foster, adopt, raise, nurture, rear.

Kaua hei whāngaia te pēpi ki te pātara (TTT 1/10/1927:699). / Don't feed the baby with a bottle.


2. (modifier) fostered, adoptive, foster.

Ka mate te matua whāngai, e riro rānei te whenua o te tūpāpaku i te tamaiti whāngai?...Ko te tikanga Māori mō te tamaiti whāngai, ka hoki anō ki roto i ngā pānga o ōna mātua ake, i runga anō i te take huihui, i heke mai i roto i te tino take ki te whenua, kāore hoki te whāngai e tangohia i waho o ngā whakapapa me te toto (TPH 30/8/1902:2). / When the foster parent dies, is the land of the deceased inherited by the foster child?...In Māori custom an adopted child would fall back on the rights to the land shares of his/her birth parents which would occur in gatherings where the inheritance of land was passed on, and the foster child would not have rights outside genealogical and blood ties. (Statements by Īhāia Hūtana of Ngāti Kahungunu.)

See also matua whāngai, mātua whāngai, tamaiti whāngai, whaea whāngai, tamariki whāngai


3. (noun) foster child, adopted child - this is a customary practice. Often a couple's first child was brought up by grandparents or adopted by one of the brothers or sisters of a parent, but almost always the foster child was a blood relation, usually a close relation. This practice continues today, but inheritance of land and property is not clear-cut. Sometimes the foster child would be entitled to inherit the foster father's property, especially if a child was adopted at birth and remained with the foster parents through to adulthood and looked after the adopted parent(s) in their old age. In this case the foster child would share the interests with any natural children. The rights of a foster child might be modified if an ōhākī (bequest) by the foster father had been made. Foster children always knew who their natural parents were.

Nō te whānautanga o Te Ataihaea, he kōtiro, kua hiahia tō mātau māmā kia riro mai i a ia hai whāngai māna (HP 1991:19). / When Te Ataihaea, a girl, was born our mother wanted to adopt her as a foster child.


taupupuni Play

1. (noun) hide and seek - a children's game.


whakapupuni Play

1. (verb) to crouch, lurk, hide oneself.

Nā, ka haere, ka tae ki kō tata atu anō, ka peka ki tahaki, ka whakapupuni mai i roto i ngā pūreirei (NM 1928:43). / Now, they went off and when they reached a little way further on they branched off to one side and hid in the 'Carex secta' grasses.


2. (noun) hide and seek- a children's game.


o Play

1. (particle) of, belongs to, from, attached to - used when the possessor has, or had, no control of the relationship or is subordinant, passive or inferior to what is possessed. Thus, in most contexts in a sentence, words for parts of anything, clothing, adornments associated with the body, things that originate in the body (feelings, ideas, knowledge, beliefs, sins, problems, luck, etc.), parts of the body, qualities, illnesses, transport, water, medicine, buildings, seating, bedding, land, towns, companions, superiors, relatives (not husband, wife, children, grandchildren), taniwha,  atua, groups, organisations, tribes and government are likely to take the o category. This includes actions that are regarded as part of the nature of people or animals. O will follow kore and korenga. Derived nouns from statives and verbs will usually take the o category. Experience verbs are also likely to take the o category.

Ko Taki te hoa o Mere. / Taki is Mere's friend.
Koia nā te paterotanga o te kurī. / That's the fart of a dog.
Heke ana ngā roimata o te kuia i te waiatatanga o te hīmene 'Piko nei te Mātenga' (HJ 2012:115). / The elderly woman's tears flowed when the hymn 'Piko nei te Mātenga' was sung.
I te korenga o tana matua i whakaae ki tana whaiāipo, ka eke a Te Miro ki runga i tō rātau waka ko 'Te Punga-i-Orohia' te ingoa, kātahi ka whakatotohu i a ia kia toremi (EM 2002:111). / Because her father did not agree to her lover, Te Miro climbed on their canoe, called 'Te Punga-i-Orohia', then drowned herself.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 52-56, 140-142; Te Kākano Study Guide (Ed. 1): 2, 16, 23, 33-34, 36; Te Pihinga Study Guide (Ed. 1): 9-10; Te Māhuri Textbook (Ed. 2): 178-179;)

See also a


ō Play

1. (particle) has, have, own (when referring to more than one thing).

He whare ō Tīpene. / Stephen owns houses.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 108-110;)


2. (particle) those of, the ... of.

He paruparu ake ngā hū o Māia i ō Terewai. / Māia's shoes are dirtier than those of Terewai.
(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 126;)


3. (particle) Used in the ways listed in 1 and 2 above when the possessor has, or had, no control of the relationship or is subordinate, passive or inferior to what is possessed. Thus, in most contexts in a sentence, words for parts of anything, clothing, adornments associated with the body, things that originate in the body (feelings, ideas, knowledge, beliefs, sins, problems, luck, etc.), parts of the body, qualities, illnesses, transport, water, medicine, buildings, seating, bedding, land, towns, companions, superiors, relatives (not husband, wife, children, grandchildren), taniwha,  atua, groups, organisations, tribes and government are likely to take the o category. This includes actions that are regarded as part of the nature of people or animals. O will follow kore and korenga. Derived nouns from statives and verbs will usually take the o category. Experience verbs are also likely to take the o category.

He ingoa hou ō Poia. / Poia has a new name.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 54-56, 140-141;)

See also o


a Play

1. (particle) of, belonging to - used when the possessor has, or had, control of the relationship or is dominant, active or superior to what is possessed. Thus, in most contexts in a sentence, moveable property, tools, things made by humans, food, drink (except water for drinking), husband (tāne), wife (wahine), lover (whaiāipo), children, grandchildren, people in an inferior position, plants and animals, pets and crops, and work are likely to take the a category. If the possessor is active towards the possessed the a category will also be used, including when derived nouns are used this way.

Nā te whakamārama a te kaiako, ka mōhio a Pio me pēhea tana mahi. / It was thanks to the teacher's explanation that Pio knew how his work should be done.
Areare ō taringa ki te tangi a te pīpīwharauroa (Te Ara 2015). / Open your ears to the call of the shining cuckoo.
Nō te taenga mai a Te Mōkena ki runga ka hoatu ngā pū māna (TWM 1/7/1865:1). / When Mr Morgan arrived in the south he was given guns.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 54-55, 108-109, 140-141; Te Kākano Study Guide (Ed. 1): 2, 16, 23, 33-34, 36; Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 166-167; Te Pihinga Study Guide (Ed. 1): 166-167; Te Māhuri Textbook (Ed. 2): 113, 178-179;)


ā Play

1. (particle) belonging to (more than one thing) - combines with the dual and plural personal pronouns.

Ko rāua ā māua tama. / They are our sons.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 52-56;)

See also


2. (particle) has, have, owns - plural of (a possessive).

He ngeru ā Hēni. / Jane owns cats.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 108-110;)


3. (particle) those of, the ... of. Used as an alternative form for ngā ... a.

Ko ā Hēmi tamariki he tāne katoa. / James's children are all males.
(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 126;)


4. (particle) Used in the ways listed above when the possessor has, or had, control of the relationship or is dominant, active or superior to what is possessed. Thus, in most contexts in a sentence, moveable property, tools, things made by humans, food, drink (except water for drinking), husband (tāne), wife (wahine), lover (whaiāipo), children, grandchildren, people in an inferior position, plants and animals, pets and crops, and work are likely to take the a category. If the possessor is active towards the possessed the a category will also be used, including when derived nouns are used this way.

Kotahi rau ā taku whānau hipi i mate i te waipuke. / One hundred of my family's sheep died in the flood.
Koia nei ā Tio mahi. / This is Joe's work.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 54-56, 140-141;)

See also ā tātou


niho kai waiū Play

1. (noun) baby tooth, milk tooth - children's teeth which are replaced by permanent ones.

Kia whai niho kai waiū a pēpē, pai noa iho kia kainga tonutia e ia te waiū, engari kei ngaua te ū (HJ 2012:262). / When baby has milk teeth it's still alright for her to continue to drink breast milk, but be careful in case the breasts are bitten.


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