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Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

hara

1. (noun) bent stick used as a sign that a chief has died at a place.

Ka oti ēnei te mahi, e hangā ana te hara, he mea koropiko a runga o ngā rākau; ko te take o te hara hei tohu mō te rangatira, ka hangā ki te taha o te ara hei tirohanga mā te tangata (W 1971:36). / When these things are done, the hara is made, which are sticks bent at the top; the purpose of the hara is a symbol of a chief and it was made beside the path for a person to see.

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hara

1. (verb) to be in violation of a tapu, transgress, commit a sin, violate the law, offend - in traditional society the word was used primarily for an offence from the violation of tapu. With the introduction of Christianity, the meaning widened to include sin and deliberate offending, and then offending in violation of rules, regulations and the law.

I mea a Pārao kua hara ia (TP 1/7/1900:4) / Pharaoh said that he had transgressed.

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2. (modifier) offending, criminal.

Tēnei hoki tētahi take whawhai, ko te kaiponu i te tangata hara (TMT 15/7/1861:12). / This is also a reason for war, the refusal to give up a criminal.—

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3. (noun) sin, foul, crime, offence, transgression, wrongdoing, gaffe, infringement, fault, problem.

I te 17 o Hune nei, i whakawākia rāua i te Kōti Matua mō te hara tuhituhi poka noa i ngā ingoa tāngata kē ki ngā tieki tono moni i ngā pēke, ā whakataua ana e te kōti kia kotahi tau mō tētahi, mō tētahi ki te whare herehere (TWMA 20/6/1884:3). / On 17th June they went on trial in the Supreme Court for writing fraudulent cheques and were each sentenced by the court to one year in prison.

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hara

1. (noun) giant centipede, Cormocephalus rubriceps - the largest centipede in Aotearoa/New Zealand and endemic to the North Island and Australia. It is up to 25 cm in length and can deliver a poisonous bite using its razor sharp pincers.

See also hura

hara

1. (noun) odd number in excess.

Kotahi rau, e iwa ngā hara (W 1971:36). / Nine in excess of one hundred.

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hara

1. (verb) to miss, make a false stroke.

Ka āta tihe tana hoa whakataeatae i a ia e tuku ana i tana kōpere, hara tonu atu (PK 2008:79). / His rival deliberately sneezed when he was throwing his dart so he missed completely.

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tangata hara

1. (stative) be an outlaw, be an offender.

Kātahi ka hoatu kia kotahi te rā hei rerenga mō Tōpia, ā, i muri tonu iho ka kīia kua tangata hara ia, ka pānuitia atu te £1,000 hei utu mōna me e hopukina ana (TTR 1994:195). / Tōpia was given one day to get away, and after that it was declared that he had become an outlaw, and a reward of £1,000 for his capture was announced.

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2. (noun) offender, rebel, outlaw.

Taro ake, ka waihangatia e ia tētehi tikanga hei whakahaere i ngā mahi a te iwi, ā, hei whiu i te tangata hara (TTR 1994:197). / Later he devised a system to administer the activities of the tribe and to punish offenders.

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murunga hara

1. (noun) forgiveness.

Mā te whākinga hara e riro mai ai i a tātou taua mea nui, te murunga hara (HKW 1/7/1900:4). / Through confession we obtain forgiveness.

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hara kaikoka

1. (noun) violent crime.

E kī ana ngā pirihimana kei te heke haere te tatau o ngā hara kaikoka i Aotearoa nei. / The police are saying that the number of violent crimes are decreasing.

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pouaka hara

1. (noun) sin bin (sport).

hara taware

1. (noun) fraud, swindle.

whākinga hara

1. (noun) confession.

Mā te whākinga hara e riro mai ai i a tātou taua mea nui, te murunga hara (HKW 1/7/1900:4). / Through confession we obtain forgiveness.

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hunga hara

1. (noun) offending party, offenders, sinners.

Kia whaimana ngā Kaunihera ki te whakatau i ngā whiu ki runga ki te tangata hara, ki te hunga hara rānei (TPH 5/1/1903:1). / The Councils should have the authority to impose punishments on the offender, or offending party.

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tama a hara

1. (noun) object of revenge.

He wā ka kainga ngā tama a hara (Te Ara 2016). / Sometimes the objects of revenge were eaten.

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Tari Hara Tāware, Te

1. (loan) Serious Fraud Office.

Tama-i-hara-nui

1. (personal name) (?-1830/31?) Ngāi Tahu; ariki in the northern part of the South Island who was captured by Ngāti Toa when he, his wife and daughter were tricked into boarding Captain John Stewart's brig, Elizabeth, eventually being tortured and killed by the wives of Ngāti Toa chiefs killed at Kaiapoi pā. Also known as Te Maiharanui.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 148-160;)

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