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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

whakangungu

1. (verb) (-a,-hia,-tia) to defend, protect.

Kei te karakia parepare i ngā mea kino o te ao, ā whakangungu tonu atu ki te Pae o Kahukura (JPS 1893:227). / It is used in the karakia to ward off the evils of the world, and in invoking the Pae o Kahukura.

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Synonyms: taumaru, whakahau, whakamaru, pare, araarai, whakahaumaru, whakaruru, , manaaki, tiaki, whakamarumaru, whakaruruhau, rauhī, parahau


2. (verb) (-a,-hia,-tia) to train.

He ika tauhou tino pai kē nei ia, ā, nuku kē atu ana ōna mōhio i ērā o ngā tauira o tōna karaehe mō ngā marama e ono e whakaakona ana ia i te kura whakangungu o Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa i Māwaihākona (TTR 2000:81). / She was an outstanding recruit and she out-performed the other cadets of her class during the six months she was training at the New Zealand Police Training School in Trentham.

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3. (modifier) defensive, protective.

Ka whakamāramatia ake; e rima ngā mauri kei tēnei motu, e haere ana i roto i te karakia whakangungu (JPS 1893:222). / There are five mauri in this island which are used in protective karakia.

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Synonyms: parahau


4. (noun) training.

Koinei anake te whakangungu kaiako i pai ki a au (HM 4/2008:3). / This was the only teacher training that I liked.

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