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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

puku

1. (modifier) secretly, silently, without speaking - when used after the verb to indicate that something is done on the quiet, e.g. haere puku (go secretly), nohopuku/noho puku (remain silent).

Ko te whakahē o te tangata ki a mātou me haere puku atu ki a koe, kī atu ai e hē ana tā mātou tikanga (JPS 1959:273). / The only disagreement has been expressed by people going secretly to you and saying that our rights are not valid.

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2. (modifier) without taking food, fasting - used to indicate abstinence.

Tekau, tae ki tekau mā rua ngā rā e haere puku ai te kāmera e kore e mate i te hemokai, i te kore wai rānei (TWMNT 15/3/1897:341). / The camel can go without food for ten to twelve days without being overcome by hunger or lack of water.

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puku

1. (modifier) very - intensifier when used before or after the word it qualifies, e.g. puku horo kai (ravenous), pukukai (greedy, gluttonous), pukuriri (furious).

Heoi, ka noho nei te taniwha, ko tana mahi, he patu i ngā tira haere; arā, he kai i ngā tāngata, horopuku tonu, ahakoa he kawenga tā te tangata, ka horomia pukutia e taua taniwha (JPS 1905:200). / And so the taniwha remained there. His occupation was killing the travelling parties - that is, he used to swallow them whole, even if they had loads on their backs they were swallowed up by that taniwha.

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puku

1. (verb) to swell.

Ka puku ake he whaturama ki runga ake o ngā kūwhā, ki ngā kēkē, ki te kakī (TTT 1/5/1922:8). / Glands above the thighs, in the armpits and on the neck swell.

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2. (verb) to be clenched (of the fist).

Ki te puku te ringa e kore e taea te rūrū (Milroy 2016). / A clenched fist prevents the shaking of hands (Milroy 2016).

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3. (noun) swelling, tumour, lump, bubble, stomach, abdomen, centre, belly, tummy.

Kotahi wiki i muri mai ka mau tētahi arikeita, nō te tuakanga i te puku ka kitea ngā kahu o taua Pākehā i roto (TP 4/1904:8). / One week later an alligator was captured, and on opening up its stomach, the clothes of that Pākehā were found inside.

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Synonyms: tia, kōpū, riu, takapū

puku ngārara

1. (noun) swollen stomach, distended stomach, bloated stomach.

waikawa puku

1. (noun) gastric acid.

Ko te pētini te ingoa o te pūmua whākōkī kei roto i te waikawa puku (RP 2009:349). / Pepsin is the name of the enzyme in gastric acid.

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te puku

1. lying, full of nonsense - an idiom when used as a modifier after a noun.

Pare: Ko tēnei tōku rā whakamutunga mō te kai paipa me te whakamutu mō ake tonu atu. Rangi: He tangata te puku koe. Koinā tō kōrero i tērā wiki (HKK 1991:63). / Pare: This is my last day of smoking and I'm stopping for good. Rangi: You're all bullshit. That's what you said last week.

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huaketo puku

1. (noun) rotavirus.

Ko te huaketo puku te pūtake o te ruaki me te kōrere. Ko te mutunga pea o tēnei ko te matewai kino, ā, i ētahi wā ko te matenga. Ko ngā piripoho ngā mea e tino mōrearea ana (HE 2017). / Rotavirus causes vomiting and diarrhoea. This can lead to severe dehydration and sometimes death. Young babies are most at risk (HE 2017).

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ngau [te] puku

1. to have a stomach-ache.

Kua ngau taku puku, he kaihoro nōku. E iro, e iro! (HKK 1999:97) / I've got a stomach ache because I was a guts. You should've known better!

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2. stomach-ache.

puku te rae

1. angry, annoyed, livid with rage - an idiom to express anger.

Kia tūpato, kei puku te rae o tō pāpara. / Be careful or your uncle will get angry.
Kua puku te rae o tērā rā i te mea ko ia anake te mea kāore i pōhiritia kia haere ki te hui. / That one is really angry because she was the only one not invited to go to the meeting.

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See also puku o [te] rae

puku kau anō

1. what a cheek you've got, cheeky alright - an idiom to criticise someone.

Rūruhi: E moko, kua kite au i tō rūma, tō paruparu hoki! Mokopuna: He aha te raru? Kāre he aha ki a au. Rūruhi: Ki te kore koe e whakapaipai i tō rūma, kāore koe e haere ki te kanikani. Mokopuna: Mō muri i te kanikani ahau whakapaipai ai. He moni āu? Rūruhi: Puku kau anō, e kō! Ki a koe hoki! (HKKT 2011:28). / Elderly woman: Grandchild, I've seen your room, and it's filthy! Grandchild: What's the problem? I don't care. Elderly woman: If you don't tidy your room, you won't be going to the dance. Grandchild: I'll tidy it after the dance. Have you some money? Elderly woman: You're cheeky, girl! What's wrong with you!

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Puku o Āwherika, Te

1. (loan) (location) Central African Republic - a country in the centre of Africa.

(Te Māhuri Textbook (Ed. 2): 139;)

rongo ā-puku

1. instinct.

puku o [te] rae

1. angry, annoyed, livid with rage - an idiom to express anger.

Ka pahū mai ā rāua tautohetohe, me te puku o te rae o Tānara. / Their arguing erupted and Donald was livid with rage.
Kāti noa te puku o tō rae, ka tere kuia koe (HKK 1999:90). / Just stop being angry or it will age you.

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See also puku te rae

pukunati

1. (verb) to be stout, fat, rotund, chubby, plump - sometimes as two words, i.e. puku nati.

He pukunati te āhua o taua tangata. / In appearance that man was rotund.

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2. (noun) roly-poly, fatty, fatso.

Kātahi te tangata kunekune, ko taua pukunati rā (HKK 1999:115). / What a fat person that fatso is.

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