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Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

marama

1. (noun) moon.

Me takoto te ihu o te waka ki te taha katau o te rā, o te marama, o Kōpū rānei (JPS 1913:181). / The bow of the canoe should be directed to the right side of the sun, the moon, or of Venus.

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2. (noun) month.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 47;)

Ko te take i tae mai ai rātou ki Nui Tīreni nei, i haere mai ki te hāereere, i runga i te homaitanga i te hararei mā rātou, e ono marama (TJ 24/8/1899:7). / The reason they came to New Zealand was for them to travel about, as they had been given a holiday of six months duration.

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mārama

1. (experience verb) to be clear, light (not dark), easy to understand, lucid, bright, transparent.

Ko wai te kaikōrero o tētahi reo, ahakoa te reo, e mārama ana, e pūrangiaho ana ki ngā kupu katoa o tōna reo? (HM 4/2009:3). / What speaker of a language, whatever the language, understands fully every word of that tongue.

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2. (modifier) light, not dark, clear.

He āhua rangatira tonu tōna ahua. He tangata moko, ko te āhua o tōna kanohi he āhua mārama, āhua mōhio. He pērā hoki te āhua o te kanohi o Hūnia Te Ngākau, engari he tōtōkau, he kiri tea hoki, he kiri mārama (TWMNT 30/5/1876:122). / He had a noble appearance. He was tattooed with a fair complexion and wise appearance. Hūnia Te Ngākau had a similar face, but was unadorned and was fair and light skinned.

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3. (noun) brightness, clearness.

kōripo marama

1. (verb) to have bad weather, have stormy weather, have inclement weather.

Ki Aotearoa tūtaki ai ngā hau mahana, haumākū o te raki ki ngā hau mātao, hau maroke o te tonga. Kāore e rata ēnei hau tētahi ki tētahi; koinā te take e kōripo marama ai ngā rangi (Te Ara 2016). / In Aotearoa/New Zealand, warm moist air from the north meets cold dry air from the south. The winds are not compatible with each other: that's the reason the weather becomes inclement.

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2. (noun) bad weather, stormy weather, inclement weather.

Mēnā ka ua mō te katoa o te rā, ka kīia tērā he kōripo marama. / If it rains for the whole of a day that is called 'kōripo marama'.

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Synonyms: ori, marangai, puhoro, paroro

ao mārama

1. (noun) world of life and light, Earth, physical world.

"Me aha tātau, e whakatipu uri ai tātau ki te ao mārama nei?” Ka mea tētahi, “Me kimi te uha hei tango i tō tātau āhua, hei whakatipu uri ki te ao mārama nei." (M 206:198). / "What must we do to propagate progeny in this world of light and life?" One said, "We must search for the female to take our likeness, and to propagate progeny in this world of light and life."

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whānau mārama

1. (noun) celestial bodies - stars, planets, meteors, constellations, comets, the sun, the moon.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 165-180;)

Ko te ingoa o te Māori mō te huinga o te rā, te marama, ngā aorangi, ngā whetū, ngā kāhui whetū, ko te whānau mārama (Te Ara 2013). / The Māori name for the sun, moon, planets, stars and constellations and stars is the 'whānau mārama' (family of light).

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whetū mārama

1. (noun) planet - nine planets are in orbit around the sun and Mercury, Venus, the Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn were known to Māori astonomers in ancient times.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 165-180;)

Ko Takero, ko Kōpū, ko te Ao, ko Matawhero, ko Rangawhenua, ko Pareārau ngā whetū mārama i mōhiotia ai e ngā tohunga kōkōrangi Māori o neherā (PK 2008:1174). / Mercury, Venus, the Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn are the planets that were known by Māori astronomers in ancient times.

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mate marama

1. (noun) menstrual cycle, menstruation, period - the process of ovulation in female primates which is the discharging of blood from the uterus in sexually mature non-pregnant women at intervals of about one lunar month.

Ko te mate marama ngā āhuatanga ā-marama i te tinana o te wahine i tana ekenga ki te pūhuruhurutanga, ā, tae noa atu ki te ruahinetanga (RP 2009:282). / The menstrual cycle is the monthly changes which take place in a woman's body from puberty through to menopause.

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marama hua

1. (noun) full moon.

Tēnā ka tawhiti ia i te rā, ka nui mai ia, tā te mea e hāngai nui mai ana tōna taha mārama ki a tātou, arā, tōna taha anga atu ki te rā. Nā, ka kīia he marama hua, ka hua te marama. Arā, mehemea kei te rātō te rā, kei te rāwhiti te marama hua rānei, ko te rā kei raro i te rua, ko te marama kei runga, he hua hoki tērā (MM.TKM 28/2/1857:15). / But when it is distant from the sun, it appears large, because its bright side is then turned fully towards us, —that is, the side facing the sun. So we say it is a full moon, —the moon is full. Thus, if the sun is in the west, the full moon will be in the east, and if the sun is far below the horizon and the moon high above, it will be full.

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See also hua


2. (noun) waxing moon - the moon between new and full.

Mēnā e rahi haere ana te mata o te marama e kitea atu ana, ka kīia ko te marama hua tērā (RP 2009:277). / If the face of the moon that can be seen is growing bigger, that is said to be the waxing moon.

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marama roroku

1. (noun) waning moon.

Mēnā e iti haere ana te mata o te marama e kitea atu ana, ka kīia ko te marama roroku tērā (RP 2009:227). / If the face of the moon that can be seen is growing smaller, that is said to be the waning moon.

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See also roroku

āraitanga marama

1. (noun) lunar eclipse.

E rua ngā āraitanga matua, ko te āraitanga o te rā (ka kīia ko te āraitanga kōmaru, te rā kūtia rānei) me te āraitanga marama (ka kīia ko te pounga) (RP 2009:171). / There are two main types of eclipses, the eclipse of the sun (called the solar eclipse) and the lunar eclipse.

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ao-mārama

1. (noun) world of life and light, Earth, physical world.

See also ao mārama

mata o te marama

1. (noun) phases of the moon.

Nā te amio haere o te marama i a Papatuanuku, ka rerekē haere te āhua o te marama e kitea atu ana. Ka kīia tēnei ko ngā mata o te marama (RP 2009:277). / Because the moon travels around the earth, its appearance changes. This is called the phases of the moon.

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ā tērā

1. next - when followed by words like wikimaramatau and rautau.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 46;)

Ā tērā Rātapu tā tātou hui. / Our meeting is next Saturday.

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i tērā

1. last - when followed by words like , wiki, marama, tau and rautau.

I tērā tau i whakarauikatia e te Taura Whiri ngā whenua o te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa ki te whakawhitiwhiti whakaaro mō ngā take e pā ana ki ō rātou ake reo (HM 2/1992:1). / Last year the Māori Language Commission called together the countries of the Pacific Ocean to exchange ideas about matters concerning their indigenous languages.

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nō tērā

1. last - when followed by words like wikimaramatau, rautau and the days of the week.

Nō tērā marama pānuitia ai ngā tūranga hou e rua (HM 4/1992:5). / Last month two new positions were advertised.

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