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Loan words

Historical loan words

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Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

kupu

1. (verb) to speak.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 54-55; Te Pihinga Study Guide (Ed. 1): 71;)

Māna hei kupu ki tana tamaiti, hei ārahi i a ia (PK 2008:359). / She will speak to her child, to guide him.

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2. (noun) word, vocabulary, saying, talk, message, statement, utterance, lyric.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 54-55; Te Pihinga Study Guide (Ed. 1): 71;)

Haere ki a Wiremu wherawhera mai ai ngā whārangi, nā ka kitea aua kupu i reira, nō reira he aha kē tēnei tāwai i te reo? (HM 4/2009:3) / Go to Williams' dictionary and open the pages and those words will be found there, so just what is this criticism of the language about?

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kupu whakahē

1. (noun) objection, protest, criticism.

Ko ngā kupu whakahē mō ētahi o tātou, he mahi whakamamae, whakawehewehe hoki i a tātou (TTT 1/5/1922:15). / Criticisms about some of us are hurtful and divide us.

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kupu whakatau

1. (noun) welcoming words, welcoming expression.

I ōna rā, ko Ruawehea te ariki tapairu o Ngāti Hako o Hauraki. Inā ngā kupu whakatau manuhiri ka kuhu ki tōna rohe: "Haere mai, nau mai. Haere mai, kuhu noa mai ki ngā hūhā o Ruawehea." (Te Ara 2015). / In her day, Ruawehea was the high-born woman of the Ngāti Hako tribe of the Hauraki area. Here are the welcoming expressions to visitors entering her territory: "Come forth, welcome. Come forth and enter the thighs of Ruawehea."

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2. (noun) decision, judgement.

Ki te oti te whakawā ka puta te kupu whakatau a te Tiati ki te hunga i kitea te tika ki taua whenua (RT 2013:34). / If the judicial hearing is completed the Judge's decision revealing the rights to that land is delivered to the group.

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3. (noun) recommendation, report.

Kei te takoto tonu taua whenua i raro i te tikanga Māori, nō reira ka kore he kupu whakatau a tēnei Komiti (RT 2013:34). / That land still remains under Māori custom, so this Committee has no recommendation.

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kupu whakamutunga

1. (noun) conclusion, concluding words.

Ko tā rātau kupu whakamutunga, he whakahē i ngā kāwanatanga o mua mō te noho noa iho, tē tahuri atu ki te whakahauhau, ki te āwhina rānei i te iwi Māori ki te pāmu i ō rātau ake whenua (TTR 1996:106). / Their conclusion was to castigate past governments for having done nothing to encourage or assist the Māori people to farm their own land.

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kupu whakahoki

1. (noun) respose.

Nō te taenga ki taku kāinga ka kite atu ahau ko te whare kua pakaru me ngā mea katoa o reira, heoi ka noho ahau ki te karanga kia mōhio ai ahau tērā rānei he tangata e ora ana i raro, otirā kāhore he kupu whakahoki mai (TWMNT 8/6/1875:126). / When I arrived at my house, I found that it was smashed along with everything in it. However, I called out to ascertain if there was anyone alive underneath, but there was no response.

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kupu whakaatu

1. (noun) notice, notification.

He kupu whakaatu ki ngā hoa tuhi mai (TWMNT 9/2/1875:25). / Some notices to correspondents.

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kupu whakaae

1. (noun) agreement, consent.

Kāore i tū te kura, engari whakatika atu ka tukua he karāti Karauna ki te Hāhi i te tau 1850, kāore i rapua te kupu whakaae a Ngāti Toa (TTR 1994:80). / The school was not established, but a Crown grant was issued to the church in 1850, without seeking the consent of Ngāti Toa.

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kupu tohutohu

1. (noun) recommendation, advice, guidance.

Ka whakatauria anō kia kimihia ētahi kupu tohutohu i ngā rōia (TTR 1996:167). / It was decided, once again, to seek some advice from the lawyers.

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kupu āpiti

1. (noun) postscript, footnote, endnote.

Tirohia te kupu āpiti nei e mau i te whārangi 88 i te Vol. III (JPS 1894:171). / See the footnote on page 88 in Vol. III.

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2. (noun) schedule, appendix.

I kitea e te Kōti ko ngā tāngata e whakaingoatia ana i roto i te Kupu Āpiti Tuarua (RT 2013:33). / The people named in the Second Schedule were seen by the Court.

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kupu whakapae

1. (noun) accusation, allegation.

Heoi ko ngā kupu whakapae ko ā Maketū i whāki ai ki a Thomas Spicer, nāna rā te toa i Kororāreka (TTR 1990:43). / The evidence against Maketū were his confessions to Thomas Spicer, who owned the store at Russell.

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Synonyms: whakapaepae, whakapā hē, heitara, whakapae

kupu whakahipa

1. (noun) password.

Me whakarite he kupu whakahipa kia āhei atu koe ki te putunga kōrero a Te Mātāpuna. / A password should be arranged so that you can access the Te Mātāpuna corpus.

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kupu kiko

1. (noun) base - a word that expresses lexical or real meaning in a sentence or phrase, e.g. whare, haere, hea, Te Kūiti, tātahi, Ani, riro.

Tumu: He kupu kiko koia te karihi o te kīanga (HJ 2015:12). / Base: This is a meaningful word that is the nucleus of the phrase.

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Synonyms: tumu

kupu tāruarua

1. (noun) word containing a reduplicated part.

He maha ngā kupu tāruarua o te reo Māori, penei i te 'hāereere', i te 'wherowhero'. / There are many words in Māori that have a reduplicated part, such as 'hāereere' and 'wherowhero'.

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kupu ororite

1. (noun) onomatopoeia.

kupu whaiaroaro

1. (noun) soliloquy, monologue.

He nuka whakaari te kupu whaiaroaro, ina ko te kōrero ā-waha a tētahi kiriwhakaari ki a ia anō, hei whakapuaki i ōna whakaaro, i ōna kare ā-roto ki te hunga mātakitaki (RMR 2017). / A soliloquy is a theatric device where an actor speaks out loud to themselves revealing their thoughts and emotions to the audience (RMR 2017).

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whāngai kupu

1. (modifier) prompting.

Ko te mahi a te tangata whāngai kupu, he hoatu i ngā kupu ki ngā kiriwhakaari ina wareware i a rātou (RMR 2017). / The job of a prompt is to remind the actors of their words when they forget their lines (RMR 2017).

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2. (noun) prompt.

Ina wareware i a koe ō kōrero, ka wawe te whāngai kupu a Ati hei whakamaumahara i a koe (RMR 2017). / When you forget your lines Ati's prompt will quickly remind you (RMR 2017).

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kupu mahue

1. (noun) ellipsis.

Ko te kupu mahue te mahuetanga o ētahi kupu, o tētahi wāhanga o te kōrero rānei. / Ellipses is the dropping of words or a part of the statement.

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kupu tōkau

1. (noun) plain text.

pouaka kupu

1. (noun) text box.

tīaroaro kupu

1. (noun) text alignment.

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