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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

kaha

1. (verb) to be strong, able, capable, courageous, intense, energetic.

Kia kaha te mahi! / Work energetically!
Kua tino kaha kē tana hokohoko i waenganui i ngā kaipuke o ngā Pākehā; i kaha anō tana hiahia kia noho mai ngā Pākehā ki tōna takiwā (TTR 1990:116). / He was already heavily involved in trading with the ships of the Pākehā, and had a strong desire for Pākehā to settle in his area.

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See also kia kaha, kaha ake

Synonyms: tare, taea, āhei


2. (verb) to be loud.

Kei te whakamoemiti atu te manu meroiti nei ki ētahi o ana kaitautoko e whiu mai nei i ngā hua kāramuramu hei oranga mōna kia kaha ai tana korokī i runga i tōna pae (KO 15/5/1885:4). / This small bird is thanking some of its sponsers who have tossed some karamū berries as sustenance so that its call on its perch will be loud.

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3. (adjective) be strong, able, capable, courageous, intense, energetic.

He wahine ātaahua, he kaha ki te mahi (HP 1991:24). / She was a beautiful woman, who worked hard.

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4. (modifier) sheer, utter, constant, overwhelming - used to intensify or add emphasis to the quality or action when it is placed before another base, usually a verb or adjective. Does not usually follow immediately after a verb.

(Te Māhuri Textbook (Ed. 2): 65-66;)

I te kaha mamae o tōna waewae, ka totitoti haere te kuia ki te rata. / Because her leg was so sore, the elderly lady limped off to the doctor.

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5. (noun) ability, power, strength, energy, stamina, intensity, volume (sound), magnitude.

I tino whakamihi a Te Taute ki a Ngāti Porou mō tō rātou kaha ki te whakapai i ō rātou whenua, ki te whakatupu hipi, mō te papai o ā rātou teihana hipi, o ā rātou wūruheti (TP 12/1907:11). / Mr Stout gave great praise to Ngāti Porou for their energy in improving their land, raising sheep and for the good state of their sheep stations and woolsheds.

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Synonyms: āheitanga, āhei, āheinga

māia

1. (adjective) be brave, bold, capable, confident.

He māia taua tangata ki te eke hōiho, he tohunga hoki ki te whiu i te reti (MM 25/8/1853:4). / That man was a brave horseman and an expert at throwing a lasso.

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2. (noun) bravery, courage, brave warrior, confidence, endurance, fellow.

Nā Māhutonga i tohutohu mai ō koutou tūpuna, me te nui hoki o tō rātou māia, kia whakawhiti ora mai rātou i Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa, ki tēnei whenua (TP 7/1911:10). / It was the Southern Cross that guided our ancestors and with their bravery they were able to cross the Pacific Ocean safely to this country.

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toa

1. (verb) to be victorious, win.

Ka toa au i ngā whakataetae e rua - ko te hopuhopu, ko te mamau o te wāhanga tamariki (HP 1991:27). / I won two competitions - catching and wrestling for the juniors.

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2. (adjective) be brave, bold, victorious, experienced, accomplished, adept, competent, skilful, capable.

He toa kē ake au i a rātau ki te hī ika (HP 1991:16). / I was more skilful than them at line fishing.

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Synonyms: waewae kai pakiaka, tareka, kei a [koe] mō te ..., ringa rehe, Kei a ... mō te ..., riwha, taea


3. (noun) courage, bravery, champion, winner, expert.

He tino toa mō te hoe poti (HP 1991:24). / A real expert at rowing boats.

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See also tiamupiana


4. (noun) warrior, brave man.

Nā reira ka āta whakatahi te iwi me i kore te hoariri e whai atu ki te ururua o te ngahere i tua atu o te pā, kia haupapatia ai e Heke me ana toa (TTR 1990:7). / And so the people deliberately withdrew in the hope that the enemy might follow into the undergrowth of the bush on the other side of the pā, so that they could be ambushed by Heke and his warriors.

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5. (noun) male (of animals, birds, insects and plants).

He manu te kōmako; ka tangi ana i te awatea, ka tangi tētahi i konei, ka tangi tētahi i korā; nā, i te pō ka tangi ko tētahi anake, ka kīia ko tērā te toa (JPS 1956:201). / The bellbird is a bird which, when it sings in the daytime one will sing here another from somewhere else; and, when one sings alone in the night, that is said to be the male bird.

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toanga

1. (noun) brave conduct, bravery, courage, valour, gallantry.

He tūpara te pū, hei whakamātautau i te toanga o taua ope (JPS 1990:141). / He had a double-barrelled gun, to test the bravery of the war party.

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2. (noun) victory, triumph, win.

Tino itiiti nei ngā kapa neke atu i te kotahi wā e toa ana, ā, ko aua kapa, ko Waihīrere o te Tai Rāwhiti (e toru ngā toanga), ko Te Waka Huia (e toru ngā toanga), me Te Rōpū Manutaki (e rua ngā toanga) (HM 2/1994:1). / There are very few performance groups that have won more than once and those groups are Waihīrere of the East Coast (three victories), Te Waka Huia (three victories) and Te Rōpū Manutaki (two victories).

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hautoa

1. (modifier) brave, courageous, daring, valorous, gallant, heroic.

Mō ana mahinga hautoa i tēnei whawhai ka whakawhiwhia a Rāpata ki te rīpeka o Niu Tīreni (TTR 1990:384) / For his gallant action in this battle Rāpata was awarded the New Zealand Cross.

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2. (noun) courage, bravery, daring, valour, pluck, gallantry.

Ko ēnei kōrero a te Pākehā mō Te Waharoa, e whakanui ana i tōna toa ki te pakanga, me tana hautoa hei kaitakawaenga (TTR 1990:319). / These Pākehā accounts about Te Waharoa honour his bravery in battle and his courage as a mediator.

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mātātoa

1. (verb) to be fearless, unconcerned, unafraid, courageous, daring, intrepid, plucky, undaunted, valiant, energetic, active.

I mātātoa katoa rātau i roto i te ao tūmatanui (TTR 1996:7). / They were all active in public life.

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2. (noun) adventurer.


3. (modifier) fearless, unconcerned, daring, intrepid, undaunted, energetic, active.

Ina hoki i kaha anō tana kōkiri i ngā whakaharatau me ngā mahi mātātoa a ngā tohunga (TTR 1996:66). / He was also energetic in attacking the practices and activities of tohunga.

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4. (noun) vivaciousness, liveliness.

Kātahi kē te matatau, te wahapū, te mātātoa kē nei o Rina Moore (TTR 2000:124). / Rina Moore was intelligent, eloquent and vivacious.

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whakamanawanui

1. (verb) (-tia) to act stoutheartedly, act valiantly, act intrepidly, act courageously.

Heoi, whakamanawanui tonu, ka kitea ngā kōwhatu pounamu i konei e Hine-ahu; nō te tangihanga o Hine-ahu, koia te tangiwai (JPS 1914:8). / Nevertheless, they went on with stout hearts, and then Hine-ahu discovered some greenstone.

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para

1. (noun) bravery, courage, pluck, spirit, grit, fortitute.

He tangata whai para tērā (W 1971:262). / That is a person that has spirit.

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taitoa

1. (adjective) be brave, courageous, manly.

A Tāmati Wāka, he ruanuku, he tautōhito, he taitoa (TWK 8:28). / Tāmati Wāka, a wise, experienced and courageous person.

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waharua

1. (noun) tukutuku pattern with small double diamond shapes representing commitment and courage.

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