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Loan words

Historical loan words

whakaheke

1. (verb) (-a) to cause to descend, let down, lower, shed (tears).

I te raumati ka kapi katoa ngā awa nui i te kahupapa rākau e whakaheke ana ki ngā mira (TWMNT 17/9/1873:109). / In summer the main rivers are all covered with timber rafts being guided down to the mills.

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Synonyms: iho, whakamahuru, whakararo, whakahinga, tuku, whakahoro, tukutuku


2. (verb) (-a) to decrease, reduce, lower.

I kī mai a Māminga nāna i whakaheke te utu o tana waka, he pai nōna ki a au. Mēnā e hokona ana ki tētahi atu, kua kotahi mano tāra atu anō. Rangi: Tēnā rūkahu tēnā. Kaua e arohia atu ngā whakapatipati a tēnā kutu (HKK 1999:65). / Pare: Māminga (Deceitful) said that he reduced the price of his vehicle because he liked me. If he was selling it to someone else it would have been one thousand dollars more. Rangi: That's a load of rubbish. Don't take any notice of that vermin's smooth talk.

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Synonyms: whakamimiti, heke haere, tāharahara, rūnā, whakaiti


3. (verb) (-a) to hand down, bequeath, pass down.

Ka whakaaria atu ki a Puhihuia, ka mea atu a ia, "E kō, tēnā tō patu, te patu a tō matua i whakahekea mai ki a au tā tātou manatunga mau ai, tēnā tō patu hei koha māu ki ō tātou ariki i Āwhitū" (TAH 45/1963:20). / He showed it to Puhihuia, saying, "Young woman, that is your weapon, the weapon of your father, which he gave to me as our heirloom to hold onto, and that is your weapon for you as your gift to our high chiefs at Awhitū."

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4. (noun) rope, rigging - used particularly for ropes supporting and controlling sails.

Me niko mai te whakaheke (W 1971:222). / The rope should be coiled.

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Synonyms: purutapu, puraku, rāhiri, pūrengi, tāwai, taura, pūwhenua, rikini, rino, kārure, taukaea, kaha


5. (noun) facial gesture in kapa haka.

Ko te whakaheke, koia te momo whakapī e miramira ai te kauae (RMR 2017). / The whakaheke is the type of grimace that highlights the chin.

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6. (noun) haka stance.

Ko te whakaheke: Ka toro whakamuri te waewae matau me te paku piko o ngā turi (RMR 2017). / The whakaheke stance: The right leg extends backwards and the knees are slightly bent.

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