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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

tohu

1. (verb) (-a,-ina,-ngia,-tia) to instruct, advise, save the life of, spare, guide, direct, instruct, appoint.

E tino maumahara ana au ki taua pō e inoi ana tō mātau koroua ki Te Atua kia tohungia mātau (HP 1991:14). / I well remember that night when our grandfather was praying to God that we be spared.

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2. (verb) (-a,-ina,-ngia,-tia) to point out, show, indicate, point at, gesticulate.

E tohu ana ia i mua o ngā matua rā, me te mea tonu ka whatiwhati te taiaha i roto i ngā ringa (JPS 1911:22). / He was gesticulating before the army divisions as if the taiaha would break in his hands.

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3. (verb) (-a,-ina,-ngia,-tia) to preserve, conserve.

I te tukunga o te patu i te tau 1865, ka kī taurangi a Kerei me Te Mākarini, ka tohua ngā whenua o Ngāti Porou ki a rātau anō (TTR 1990:40). / When weapons were laid down in 1865 Grey and McLean promised that Ngāti Porou land would be preserved for the tribe's own use.

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4. (verb) (-a) to perform a ritual.

Tohua ana a Hēnare ki te tikanga pure o te karaka whati, he tikanga whakatakataka i te toa mō te pakanga (TTR 2000:70). / Hēnare underwent the ritual of karaka whati, a practice preparing a warrior for battle.

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5. (noun) sign, mark, symbol, emblem, token, qualification, cue, symptom, proof, directions, company, landmark, distinguishing feature, signature.

Kua tae mai ō tohu aroha ki a au, arā ngā aikiha me te neketai i tukuna mai nei e koe (TKO 15/1/1916:5). / Your tokens of affection have arrived, that is the handkerchiefs and tie which you sent.

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6. (noun) advice, suggestion, guidance.

He tohu kūare tēnei, he hua nō te whakaaro horihori (TP 1/5/1901:1). / This is uninformed advice, a result of incorrect opinion.

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Tohu Kākahi

1. (personal name) (1828-1907) Taranaki, Te Āti Awa; leader and prophet who helped establish Parihaka and a passive resistance movement against Pākehā land confiscation.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 89-99; Te Kōhure Video Tapes (Ed. 1): 3;)

I te 11 o ngā hāora o te pō o te Mane, 11 o Pepuere 1907 ka mate a Tohu Kākahi, ki Parihaka, Taranaki (TP 3/1907:6). / At 11 pm on Monday, 11 February 1907 Tohu Kākahi died at Parihaka, Taranaki.

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tohu karanga

1. (noun) exclamation mark.

tohu karere

1. (noun) postal code.

ringa tohu

1. (noun) director - sometimes written as one word, ringatohu.

Ko Taika Waititi tētahi ringatohu rongonui o te ao Māori ki te hanga kiriata (RMR 2017). / Taika Waititi is a renowned director of the Māori world at film making.

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tohu tākuta

1. (loan) (noun) doctorate.

Ko te hunga tino hau kē nei ō rātau rongo, ko te wahine purei tēnehi rā, ko Ruia Morrison, ko ngā kaitākaro korowha nei, ko Walter Godfrey rāua ko Sherril Chapman, ko te toa tākaro poikōpiko, ko Neti Davis, ko te kaipūkenga ko Ralph Hōtere, ko te kaiwaiata, ko Kiri Te Kanawa, tae atu ki a Patariki (Pat) Hōhepa, i riro mai ai i a ia tana tohu tākuta (PhD) mō te mātauranga wetereo i te Hononga o Amerika (TTR 2000:236). / Most notable among these were the tennis player Ruia Morrison, golfers Walter Godfrey and Sherril Chapman, table tennis champion Neti Davis, artist Ralph Hōtere, singer Kiri Te Kanawa, and Pat Hōhepa, who was to achieve his PhD in linguistics in the United States.

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tohu pātai

1. (noun) question mark.

tohu huarere

1. (noun) weather forecast.

Ka tirohia te whanonga o te manu mō ngā tohu huarere me ngā tohu mō ngā rā kei te tū (Te Ara 2013). / Birds’ behaviour was observed to predict the weather, and for signs for the future.

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tohu kairangi

1. (noun) doctorate, Doctoral degree, PhD.

E whakaoti ana ia i tana tuhinga whakapae mō Tītokowaru e riro mai ai te tohu kairangi, ka pāngia a ia e te māuiui (TTR 2000:32). / He was completing his doctoral thesis on Tītokowaru when ill health overtook him.

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tohu mātauranga

1. (noun) university degree, academic qualification.

I te tau 1896, ka tutuki i a ia tana tohu paetahi ture (LLB). Ko ia te Māori tuatahi i oti i a ia he tohu mātauranga i tētahi whare wānanga i Aotearoa nei (TTR 1996:102). / He completed his LLB in 1896. He was the first Maori to complete a degree at a New Zealand university.

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tohu paerua

1. (noun) Master's degree.

Nō te tau 1893, ka riro mai i a ia te tohu paetahi (BA), ko te pūtaiao tōrangapū te tāhuhu o taua tohu (taihoa ake, ka riro mai tana tohu paerua MA) (TTR 1996:101). / In 1893 he completed a BA degree, majoring in political science (an MA was added later).

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tohu paetahi

1. (noun) undergraduate degree, Bachelor's degree.

I te tau 1896, ka tutuki i a ia tana tohu paetahi ture (LLB). Ko ia te Māori tuatahi i oti i a ia he tohu mātauranga i tētahi whare wānanga i Aotearoa nei (TTR 1996:102). / He completed his LLB in 1896. He was the first Maori to complete a degree at a New Zealand university.

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tohu rītaha

1. (noun) slash (/).

Nā, arā anō ētahi tikanga kua whakamahia hei whakaatu i ngā mea ka taea, ko te tohu rītaha tēnā (arā, te / ), ko ngā taiapa tūtika anō tēnā (e pēnei ana [ ]) (HKK 1999:9). / Now, there are some other techniques used to show the items that are possible, there's the slash (i.e. /), and there's square brackets (like this [ ]).

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tohu paerunga

1. (noun) postgraduate degree, postgraduate qualification.

tohu whakakapi

1. (noun) closing titles.

tohu muna

1. (noun) code - a system of words, letters, figures, or symbols for secrecy.

tohu whakapuaki

1. (noun) opening titles.


2. (noun) articulation symbol (music).

He tohu ngā tohu whakapuaki hei whakaatu kia pēhea te whakatangi i tētahi oro (RTP 2015:115). / Articulation symbols are symbols which convey how a note should be played (RTP 2015:115).

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tohu hōnore

1. (loan) (noun) honorary doctorate.

He tohu hōnore tēnei mō tōna tohungatanga ki te tuhi i ngā kōrero o nehe, i ngā waiata, i ngā pepeha (TTT 1/8/1930:2132). / This is an Honorary doctorate award for his expertise in writing the historical accounts, songs and tribal sayings.

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tohu oro

1. (noun) vowel.

Nāna i whakamana te whakamau atu o te tohutō hei whakaatu i ngā tohu oro roa, he pai kē atu ki a ia tēnei tikanga i te mahi whakahuarua kē i ngā tohu oro (TTR 2000:168). / He authorised the use of macrons to indicate long vowels. He preferred this method over doubling the vowel.

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See also oropuare

tohu waikawa

1. (noun) litmus.

Ko tā te waikawa, he huri i te tohu waikawa kahurangi kia whero (RP 2009:432). / What acid will do is turn blue litmus to red.

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