1. (noun) bracken, Pteridium esculentum - creeping native ground fern spread by underground rhizomes which were an important food source for Māori. Harsh fronds on smooth chestnut-brown stems. Very common in open places throughout Aotearoa/New Zealand.
Kāore he wāhi o taua awa e nui atu ana i te toru putu te whānui, nō reira heoi te tū tika mō te tangata he tū tīwhera, arā ko tētahi waewae i tētahi taha o te awa tū ai, ko tētahi waewae i tētahi taha, kia kore ai e tāwhiwhi te aho ki ngā rarauhe me ngā ponga (TWMNT 9/3/1875:58). / No part of that stream was wider than three feet, so the best way to stand was spread-eagled, that is with one foot on one side of the stream and the other foot on the other side so that the line would not become entangled with the bracken fern and silver fern trees.