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Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

kārerarera

1. (adjective) be light green, pale green.

Ko ngā kākahu mō ngā wāhine, he kārerarera, arā he kākāriki; ko ngā mea mō ngā tāne he kōwhai te tohu (KO 15/10/1883:5). / The clothes for the women were pale green; the ones for the men were yellow.

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2. (noun) Pacific azolla, azolla, red azolla, Azolla rubra - an aquatic, floating plant frequenting shallow water bodies such as ponds, lake margins, dams and slow flowing streams. Also present in swamps on muddy ground, occasionally establishing in cattle troughs. Dark-red (when exposed) or light green.

See also retoreto

karera

1. (verb) to be light green, pale green.

I te taha runga o Rotokānapanapa e tū ana tētahi hōpua wai mātao, karera tonu te āhua, me te kakano pounamu. I hua mātou i karera te wai i te wāhi kore hei terenga ki waho (MM.TKM 24/4/1851:2). / Located on the southern side of Rotokānapanapa there is a cold pool that is quite green in appearance, like the colour of greenstone. We thought the water was green because there was no place for the water to flow out.

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2. (adjective) be light green, pale green.

He karera ngā waewae me ngā ngutu o te pārera. / The legs and beak of a grey duck are light green.

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3. (noun) light green, pale green.

I te raumati pea, ko te karera o te rau piki, me te wāina, hei whakaahua kē i ngā rau mangu o te ōriwa (MM.TKM 1/9/1855:26). / Probably in summer the light green of the fig tree and the vine relieves the dark foliage of the olive trees.

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4. (noun) wooden handle of a greenstone chisel.


5. (noun) forestock, forearm (of a gun) - section of the weapon between the receiver and the muzzle used to hold the firearm steady and is usually made out of wood or composite material.

Puritia te karera ki tō ringa mauī. / Hold the forestock with your left hand.

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kākāriki

1. (verb) to be green (in colour).

I te ngutu o te awa o Hamurana ka tau tō mātou tima, ka haere mā uta, ka mātakitaki ki te āhua o tēnā awa, purata tonu, kākāriki ana (TP 1/12/1901:10). / At the mouth of the Hamurana stream our steamer docked and we went inland, gazing at the appearance of that stream, which was quite clear and green.

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2. (adjective) be green (in colour).

He kākāriki tō tētahi, he kākāriki-mā tō tētahi (HP 1991:249). / That of one was green, that of another was pale green.

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3. (noun) yellow-crowned parakeet, Cyanoramphus auriceps, red-crowned parakeet, Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae - small green parrots with long tails.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 13, 163;)

I nāianei kua kore te manu, kua mate, kua ngaro te kākā me te kākāriki (TWMNT 22/9/1874:239). / Now the birds are no more, they've died and the kākā and kākāriki have disappeared.

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4. (noun) green tree gecko and jewelled gecko, Naultinus spp. - green geckos of various species found in low, dense shrubbery.


5. (noun) green (colour).

He harakeke iraira, he mumura te kākāriki o ngā whā, he kōwhai ngā tāekaeka, he karaka ngā tapa me te tuaka, he mā, he mōhinuhinu te muka o tēnei harakeke (PK 2008:603). / A variegated flax, with bright green leaves, yellow stripes, orange edges and midrib, while the fiber of this flax is white and shiny.

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6. (noun) rock melon, cantaloupe.

He pēnā anō ngā tōhuka, ngā kānga, ngā pāpapa, ngā merengi, ngā kākāriki, ngā taro me ngā rīwai (HP 1991:14). / The sugar cane, maize, kamokamo, melons, rock melons, taro and potatoes were exactly the same.

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poraka

1. (loan) (noun) introduced frogs, green bell-frog, Litoria aurea , southern bell-frog, Litoria raniformis - two very similar introduced frogs which are larger than native frogs. The southern bell-frog is browner than the green bell-frog.

E tae ana ki te tekau hereni te utu mō te pereti hupa poraka (TP 2/1903:3). / The price of a plate of frog soup comes to ten shillings.

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See also poroka

kawariki

1. (noun) large-leaved coprosma, Coprosma grandifolia - a bitter plant that was given to children to make them stronger. Some references say the kawariki is a species of buttercup (Ranunculus spp.).

Koirā a ia i kī ai: 'Māku anō e hanga tōku nei whare. Ko te tāhuhu he hīnau ko ngā poupou he māhoe, patatē. Me whakatupu ki te hua o te rengarenga, me whakapakari ki te hua o te kawariki.' (TTR 1994:134) / That's why he said: 'I myself shall build my house. The ridge-pole will be of hīnau and the supporting posts of māhoe and patatē. Raise the people with the fruit of the rengarenga, strengthen them with the fruits of the kawariki.'

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See also kanono


2. (noun) kākāriki, yellow-crowned parakeet, Cyanoramphus auriceps, red-crowned parakeet, Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae - small green native parrots with long tails.

See also kākāriki


3. (noun) green tree gecko and jewelled gecko, Naultinus spp. - green geckos of various species found in low, dense shrubbery.

moko kākāriki

1. (noun) green tree gecko and jewelled gecko, Naultinus spp. - green geckos of various species found in low, dense shrubbery.

Ko te moko kākāriki me te moko tāpiri ka whakanōhia kia tata ki te kōhatu mauri hei tiaki i taua kōhatu mō ake tonu atu (Te Ara 2011). / The green gecko and common gecko were released near mauri stones as guardians forever.

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See also kākāriki

poroka

1. (noun) introduced frogs, green bell-frog, Litoria aurea , southern bell-frog, Litoria raniformis - two very similar introduced frogs which are larger than native frogs. The southern bell-frog is browner than the green bell-frog.

Te putanga mai o tētahi poroka i roto i tōna whare raupō i waenga repo, ka pānuitia e ia ki ngā manu katoa ka taea e ia te whakaora ngā mate katoa (Popi 1887:53). / A frog emerged from inside of his raupō house in the middle of the swamp and announced to all the birds that he was able to cure all diseases.

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pirita

1. (noun) supplejack, Ripogonum scandens - a high-climbing, woody native plant with tough pliant stems used in the construction of hīnaki, etc. Longish leaves are opposite, toothless, with obvious lengthwise parallel veins and the round fruit bright red. Stem is usually finger-thick, smooth and almost black.

Ki te mau mātau e takahi ana i tēnei ture a rātau, ka whiua mātau ki te kirikau, ki te pirita rānei, mamae rawa (HP 1991:32). / If we were caught disobeying this rule of theirs we were punished with the strap or a supplejack cane and it really hurt.

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See also kareao


2. (noun) green mistletoe, Ileostylus micranthus - a hemiparasitic shrub with thick leaves of various shapes. Flowers greenish yellow and fruit pale yellow. Found on a range of hosts throughout Aotearoa/New Zealand.

See also pirinoa


3. (noun) scarlet mistletoe, Peraxilla colensoi - a hemiparasitic bushy shrub with thick leaves and obscured viens. Flowers red, long and narrow, fruit oval and yellow. Found on tawhai, pōhutukawa and Pittosporum species.

See also pirinoa


4. (noun) yellow mistletoe, Alepis flavida - a hemiparasitic shrub with thick bright green to yellow-green leaves. Flowers yellow and fruit oval and yellow. Found mainly on tāwhai species.

See also pirinoa


5. (noun) white mistletoe, Tupeia antarctica - a hemiparasitic shrub with broad to narrow leaves. Flowers yellow or yellow-green and fruit white to pink, often speckled darker pink. Found particularly on tarata, maire raunui and whauwhaupaku.

See also tāpia


6. (noun) leafless mistletoe, Korthalsella salicornioides - very small, tufted, succulent, leafless mistletoe. Dense mass of green to reddish-yellow beaded succulent stems to 10cm long growing on twigs of another plant (mainly mānuka and kānuka). Leaves (stems) 3-10mm long by 1-3mm wide, round. Flowers tiny, fruit small, yellowish.

kārikihāura

1. (stative) be olive (colour), greenish-brown, browny-green.

kārikikaho

1. (stative) be pale yellowish-green.

kuku

1. (noun) green-lipped mussel, common mussel, Perna canaliculus - a bivalve mollusc found attached to rocks and wharf piles from low tide level to depths of about 55 m.

Ka kitea i konei te kai nei: te parāoa, te tī, te huka, te poaka, te heihei, te take, me te manu ngāherehere - te kūkū, te kākā, te kōkō; me ngā mea o te wai tai - te ika, te kuku, te pipi; ngā mea o te wai māori - te tuna, te inanga, te kōura me te tini noa iho o ngā kai (TWMNT 19/6/1872:85). / Here these foods were seen: bread, tea, sugar, pork, chicken, turkey, and the birds of the forest - pigeon, kākā, tūī; and the foods of the salt water - fish, mussels, pipi; the things of the fresh water - eels, whitebait, crayfish and many other foods.

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papa maita

1. (noun) bowling green.

kārikikōwhai

1. (stative) be lime green.

kārikiōrangi

1. (stative) be blue-green, turquoise, aquamarine, cyan, teal.

tihipu

1. (noun) green top shell, Trochus viridis - a univalve mollusc that lives on brown seaweed near low tide on rocky shores. The outside of the top-shaped shell is greenish grey to dull purple, the inside iridescent and the base almost flat.

kārikitea

1. (stative) be light green.

māota

1. (stative) be green, freshly-grown, raw.

Kei te ngahere ngā mahinga kai a te iwi Patupaiarehe, kainga ai e rātou ngā kai māota, hopukina ai ngā ika i te moana me ngā roto (Te Ara 2014) / The gardens of the Patupaiarehe folk is in the forest. They eat raw food and catch fish in the sea and lakes.

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2. (noun) kohekohe, Dysoxylum spectabile - a tree with 3-4 opposite pairs of dark, shiny leaves. Flowers in early winter every second year, with long drooping white sprays which grow directly from the trunk or branches. Fruit is a round green capsule which splits open to reveal an orange-red centre.

See also kohekohe

kōriri

1. (modifier) immature, green (of fruit).

Ā ka taka iho ngā whetū o te rangi, ānō he piki e whakangahoro nei i ōna hua kōriri, ina rurea ia i te hau nui (PT Whakakitenga 6:13). / And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

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2. (noun) immature fruit, green fruit.

Kaua e kainga ngā kōriri nā, waiho kia maoa, kia reka (PK 2008:323). / Don't eat those immature fruit, leave them until they're ripe and sweet.

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3. (noun) mildew.

Kua patua koutou e ahau ki te ngingio, ki te kōriri: nui noa ā koutou kāri, ā koutou māra wāina, ā koutou piki, ā koutou ōriwa, pau ake i te whangawhanga (PT Amoho 4:9). / I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured them.

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korare

1. (noun) greens, leaves of edible vegetables, silverbeet.

Ka katohia e rātau he pūhā me ētahi atu korare mā ngā manuhiri (Ng 1993:184). / They picked pūhā and other greens for the visitors.

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matomato

1. (verb) to be green (of foliage), grow vigorously, flourish, lush.

He whenua haumako tērā e mahue atu rā, matomato ana te tipu mai o ngā rākau. / That was a fertile land we were leaving where the plants grow vigorously.

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2. (verb) to be of pleasing appearance, aesthetically pleasing, appealing, attractive.

Titiro rawa atu ki te tangata i mirimiria rā ki te hōrū, ka pai, ka matomato te kanohi o te tangata, ka purotu te kiri o te tangata (W 1971:194). / When they looked at the man who had been rubbed with red ochre, it was agreeable, and the man's face was aesthetically pleasing and his skin was handsome.

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3. (modifier) lush, green, growing vigorously, verdant.

Ka tipu matomato te aruhe ki ngā wāhi mārakerake o te ngahere, ki ngā wāhi kua poroa, kua tahuna ngā rākau (Te Ara 2014). / Bracken fern flourishes in open areas of the forest where trees have been felled and burnt.

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4. (noun) lushness, greenness.

Mēnā kei te whai mana tētahi ngahere ka kite koe i te nui o te huarākau, i te matomato o te tipu o ngā rau, i te ora me te rahi o te manu (Te Ara 2014). / If a forest has mana, you will see the abundance of fruit, the lushness of the leaves, and the healthiness and profusion of birds.

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