2. (modifier) repaying, paying, responding, avenging, replying.
I waiatatia ai e Matangi-hauroa te waiata nei ki a Te Whatanui e whai ana kia oho te iwi o Te Whatanui kia haere ki te rapu utu mō te parekura (M 2004:298). / This song was sung by Matangi-hauroa to Te Whatanui with the object of rousing Te Whatanui's people to go and seek revenge for the defeat.
3. (noun) revenge, vengeance, retaliation, payback, retribution, cost, price, wage, fee, payment, salary, reciprocity - an important concept concerned with the maintenance of balance and harmony in relationships between individuals and groups and order within Māori society, whether through gift exchange or as a result of hostilities between groups. It is closely linked to mana and includes reciprocation of kind deeds as well as revenge. While particular actions required a response, it was not necessary to apply utu immediately. The general principles that underlie utu are the obligations that exist between individuals and groups. If social relations are disturbed, utu is a means of restoring balance. Gift exchange, a major component of utu, created reciprocal obligations on the parties involved and established permanent and personal relationships. Traditionally utu between individuals and groups tended to escalate. Just as feasts were likely to increase in grandeur as an exchange relationship developed over time, so could reciprocal acts of vengeance intensify. Utu was not necessarily applied to the author of the affront, but affected the whole group. Thus utu could be gained through a victory over a group where only the most tenuous of links connected the source of the affront with the target of the utu. Any deleterious external influence could weaken the psychological state of the individual or group, but utu could reassert control over the influences and restore self-esteem and social standing. Suicide could even reassert control by demonstrating that one had control over one's fate, and was a way of gaining utu against a spouse or relative where direct retaliation was not possible. Such indirect utu often featured within kin groups.
(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 48;)
1. (noun) administrative cost, administration cost, expenses, overhead (financial).
Ko ngā whenua ka tukua ki ngā poari kua oti te marohi ka riro tonu mā te kāwanatanga e whakahaere, ka pau ngā hua moni i ngā utu whakahaere a ngā poari, ka toe mai ko ngā ingoa anake i runga i te pepa a te hunga nō rātou te whenua (TTR 1994:53). / Land given up to the boards would effectively be controlled by the government, the boards' administration costs would swallow up the revenue, and all that would be left to the owners of the land would be their names on a piece of paper.
1. (noun) instalment (payment), repayment.
Ko te hoko harangotengote tētahi anō kaupapa hei whakarata, hei kukume i te hunga kirihoko . He whakaritenga tēnei kia tukuna e te kirihoko tētahi wāhanga iti o te utu i ia marama, i ia wiki rānei. Ka kīia ia utunga he utu harangotengote (TRP 2010:305). / Hire purchase is another way to attract and entice the purchasers. This is an arrangement where the purchaser supplies a small part of the payment each month or each week. Each payment is called an instalment.
1. (noun) arrears, deferred payment.
E whā ngā whakaheinga o te moni, arā: i) ko te ara tauhoko, ii) ko ōna āhua anō mō te whakahaere kaute, iii) ko te pūmau o tōna uara, ā, iv) e taea te utu tārewa (HM 3/1992:4). / There are four functions of money, namely: i) medium of exchange, ii) unit of account, iii) store of value, and iv) deferred payment.
1. (verb) to pay gift duty.
Nō taua wā i a Kāpene Kuki ka tipu he pakanga, ko te take he kūare nō te Kāwanatanga o Ingarangi ki ngā whakaaro o ōna uri e noho rā i Amerika, ka tonoa kia utu takoha, kāore rā hoki he māngai o Amerika i roto i te Pāremata o Ingarangi (TTT 1/9/1925:286). / In the time of Captain Cook a battle developed the cause of which was the English Government's ignorance of the opinions of its descendants living in America in demanding that they pay gift duty and there is no American representative in England's Parliament.
1. (noun) expenditure.
I te tau 2004, e $216 miriona te wāriu o ngā rawa o tēnei whakahaerenga. I ia tau, ko tōna whakahoki moni ā-tau ko te $27 miriona. E $3.3 miriona ōna whakapaunga utu (Te Ara 2014). / In 2004 the total value of assets was $216 million. It had a yearly revenue of $27 million, and its expenditure was $3.3 million.
1. (modifier) without fee, free, non-payment.
Ia tau hoki tukua ake ai e te Tari Taiwhenua ētehi raihana kore utu hei tuku atu ki ngā tāngata nā te poari kaitiaki i whakaingoa (TTR 1998:198). / And a number of free licences would be granted each year by the Department of Internal Affairs to people nominated by the trust board.