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Historical loan words

pakapaka

1. (verb) to be dry, baked, cooked until crisp, baked hard, burned, weathered.

Ka haupū te kupenga tawhito ki uta, ki ngā parenga o ngā wai tauraki ai ki te rā, ka maroke, ka pakapaka (TP 1/1/1901:6). / The old net lies in a heap on the shore and on the banks of streams to dry in the sun. It dries out and is weathered.

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2. (modifier) dry, baked, burned, crisp.

Ko ngā tāngata e noho ana i te take o taua maunga pakapaka ana i te wera o te rā, ko te tihi o te maunga e hūhia ana e te huka TTT 1/10/1927:664). / The people living at the foot of that mountain are baked by the heat of the sun, while the summit of the mountain is covered in snow.

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Synonyms: paka


3. (noun) dryness, aridity, drought, aridness.

Mehemea kāore te pakapaka o te whenua i mua atu o te putanga mai o tēnei marangai, kua puta anō he waipuke nui pērā me tō tērā makariri (TP 2/1911:11). / If it were not for the drought before this storm occurred, there would have been a big flood like that of last winter.

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4. (noun) scraps, dried food, preserved food.

Ka moe whārōrō, tangata i te whata pakapaka; ka moe hūpeke, tangata kāore āna whata pakapaka (NP 2001:171). / The person with a storehouse of preserved provisions sleeps stretched out; while the one without a storehouse of preserved food sleeps with his legs drawn up. (A whakataukī promoting the stocking of food provisions in case of lean periods - a person who has such provisions sleeps more comfortably.)

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5. (noun) cloak of coarse flax.

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