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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

tāhū

1. (noun) ridge pole (of a house), ridge-beam (of a house), main theme, subject of a sentence.

Ko Tākitimu te whare pai ngā waihanga, engari nō taku kitenga i a Porourangi heoi anō kua ngaro ōku mahara ki a Takitimu, kua riro katoa kua whaiāipo ki a Porourangi; i te tamatāne o te āhua, o te tū o te whare; i te rite, i te ātanga, o ngā whakairo, o ngā pou, o ngā pakitara, o te tungaroa, me te whatitoka, me te roro, me te matapihi, me ngā arapaki, kāore he rite i i kitea e ahau i te motu katoa nei, hāunga hoki ngā tuhituhi o ngā heke me te tāhū. (TP 1/7/1902:6). / Tākitimu was built beautifully, but when I saw Porourangi my thoughts about Tākitimu were forgotten and I fell in love with Porourangi; the youthful masculinity of the house's appearance and structure; the architecture and beauty of the carvings, posts, walls, the back wall and the door, verandah, window and the ornamental lattice-work, and not to mention the paintings of the rafters and the ridgepole.

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2. (noun) direct line of ancestry through the senior line.

Ko ēnei tāngata, ko Tuamatua rāua ko Uruika, ko rāua te tāhū nui o Te Hekengarangi, te tino kāwai ariki: ko rāua te tāhū iho, tae iho ki ngā uri (W 1971:360). / These two people, Tuamatua and Uruika, are the direct line of ancestry of Te Hekengarangi, the senior line: they are the direct line down to the descendants.

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3. (noun) subject of a sentence (grammar).

I te rerenga 'Kei te kai rātou', ko te kupu 'rātou' te tāhū. I te rerenga 'E ngongoro ana te ihu', ko 'te ihu' te tāhū (PK 2008:810). / In the sentence 'Kei te kai rātou', the word 'rātou' is the subject. In the sentence 'E ngongoro ana te ihu', the subject is 'te ihu'.

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4. (noun) plot (drama).

Kātahi te tāhū whīwhiwhi, me whakamāmā pea (RMR 2017). / What a complicated plot. Perhaps it should be simplified.

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Tahu

1. (personal noun) atua of food and feasts and the personification of the dining hall.

Ko te wharekai, ka kīia ko Tahu tērā (RR 1974:6). / The dining hall, that's said to be Tahu.
Hoatu koutou ki te wharekai. Kua hora a Tahu (HJ 2015:156). / You all go on to the dining hall. The feast is spread out.

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tahu

1. (verb) (-na) to set on fire, light, set alight, burn, ignite, combust.

Ko ngā otaota hoki o ngā pāmu kua maroke rawa atu, ānō he mea tahu ki te ahi (KO 15/1/1886:3). / And the grass of the farms has dried off completely as if it was burnt with fire.

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2. (verb) (-na) to cook.

He mea hohore rawa ētahi o ngā manu, he mea tahu, he manu hou ētahi (JPS 59:283). / Some of the birds were plucked, some were preserved in fat and some eaten fresh.

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3. (verb) to perform karakia for the wairua.


4. (noun) brewing.

Ki taku mahara me whakatupu koutou i te hāpi, te taru e meatia nei e te Pākehā he tahu pia (TWMNT 2/12/1871:20). / In my opinion you should grow hops, the plant used by the Pākehā in brewing beer.

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tahu

1. (noun) husband, spouse, partner, lover, beau, boyfriend, girlfriend, sweetheart.

Ka mea atu ia ki tana tahu, "E taku tau, he nui taku aroha mōu." / He said to his lover, "My darling, I am deeply in love with you."

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2. (noun) near relative.

Erangi, he huatea tō rāua mārena. I runga anō i te tikanga Māori, ka heria mai tana tahu, a Rina, ki tō rāua kāinga noho ai, kia puta ai he uri mō William Buck (TTR 1996:9). / But their marriage was childless and, in accordance with Māori custom, a near relative, Rina, was brought into their household to live so that William Buck would have a descendant.

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Ngāi Tahu

1. (personal noun) tribal group of much of the South Island, sometimes called Kāi Tahu by the southern tribes.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 113; Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 142-160;)

Ehara i te mea mō Ngāi Tahu katoa ēnei kōrero, engari mō tētahi o ōna hapū, arā, mō Ngāti Huirapa (TP 1/4/1900:9). / It's not as if this account is for the whole of Ngāi Tahu, but it's about one of the subtribes, Ngāti Huirapa.

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tāhū iti

1. (noun) subplot.

Ko te tāhū iti, arā, he mahi kē atu e haere ana i te paki engari he iti ake i te tāhū matua (RMR 2017). / The subplot is a separate activity that goes along in the story but it is less significant than the main plot.

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tahu kakara

1. (noun) censer - a vessel in which incense is burnt.

Ā me mau e tēnei, e tēnei o koutou tāna tahu kakara, ka mea he whakakakara ki runga, ka kawe ai tēnā i tāna tahu kakara, i tāna ki te aroaro o Īhowa, kia rua rau kia rima tekau ngā tahu kakara (PT Tauanga 16:17). / And take every man his censer, and put incense in them, and bring ye before the Lord every man his censer, two hundred and fifty censers.

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tahu whare

1. (noun) arson.

Kotahi te Māori, ko Hirini te ingoa, i hopukia i Te Māhia i mua tata ake nei, he tahu whare, he tāhae tōna hē (TWMNT 9/8/1879:494). / A Māori named Hirini, was arrested at Māhia recently, charged with arson and burglary.

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tāhū paerua

1. (noun) Master's degree with honours.

pou tāhū

1. (noun) post supporting the ridge pole in the front wall inside a meeting house - sometimes written as one word, i.e. poutāhū.

E toru ngā pou tūhono i te tāhuhu ki te papa, arā, ko te pou tāhū, ko te pou tokomanawa, ko te pou tuarongo (Te Ara 2012). / Three posts support the tāhuhu (ridgepole), namely the pou tāhū (front post), the pou tokomanawa (centre post) and the pou tuarongo (back wall post).

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See also pou te wharau

tāhū paetahi

1. (noun) Bachelor's degree with honours.

tahu tūpāpaku

1. (verb) to cremate.


2. (noun) cremation.

Ko ngā whakahaere katoa o tēnei mea, o te tahu tūpāpaku ki te ahi tētehi kōrero pai mā tātou, e koro mā (TP 10/1907:10). / All the organisational matters of cremation are important for us to discuss, my elders.

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tāhū taupatupatu

1. (noun) counterplot.

whare tahu pia

1. (loan) (noun) brewery.

I hoko hoki au i ngā hāpi katoa i kawea mai e ngā Māori ki taku whare tahu pia (TWMNT 22/3/1879:350). / I purchased all the hops brought by the Māori to my brewery.

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whare tahu tūpāpaku

1. (noun) crematorium.

E kore te nuinga o ngā tāngata Māori e whakaae kia haria ō rātou tūpāpaku ki te whare tahu tūpāpaku. / The majority of Māori people will not agree that their deceased should be taken to a crematorium.

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whare tahu kēhi

1. (loan) (noun) gas works.

Ko tēnei tā e mahia nei kei ngā whare tahu kēhi i ngā tāone (TJ 30/8/1898:5). / This tar is made in the gas works in the towns.

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Tāhū o te Ture

1. (loan) Ministry of Justice.

Tahu-nui-a-rangi

1. (personal noun) aurora australis, southern lights - a luminous electrical atmospheric phenomenon usually of streamers of light in the sky above the southern magnetic pole.

Whakamīharo ana te kite i a Tahu-nui-a-rangi. Me te ārai kākāriki e pīwari ana i te rangi pō (PK 2008:811). / Seeing the aurora australis is amazing. It's like a green veil waving in the night sky.

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Tāhū-o-te-rangi, Te

1. (location) The Milky Way - a band of light crossing the sky, made up of vast numbers of faint stars.

Maihāroa, Hipa Te

1. (personal name) (?-1885/86) Ngāi Tahu, Waitaha, Ngāti Māmoe; leader, tohunga and prophet, he and his followers established a new settlement called Te Ao Mārama (Ōmārama) where he sought to protect his community from Pākehā influence. He fought a long campaign to regain lost Ngāi Tahu lands.

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