2. (noun) song, chant, psalm.
(Te Kākano Audio Tapes/CDs (Ed. 2): 54-76; Te Kōhure Video Tapes (Ed. 1): 2;)
Nō te tau 1931 i mauria ake e Materoa he kapa waiata nei ki Te Whanganui-a-Tara, ā, e 40 ā rātau waiata mā Āpirana i hopukina e te mīhini hopu reo (TTR 1998:160). / In 1931 Materoa took a singing group to Wellington and 40 songs were recorded for Āpirana.
See also whaikōrero
1. (noun) lament - song of mourning with no set actions sung especially at tangihanga. There are waiata tangi for peaceful deaths, deaths resulting from an accident, murder or having been killed in battle. The most numerous class of the traditional songs.
1. (noun) song of love - have tunes similar to waiata tangi and are sung without set actions.
Kātahi ka kī atu ki ana tamariki, kia mahia he kōauau (tētehi ingoa he whio). Ka oti, ka hanga ngā puta e toru, kātahi ka whakatangihia e te wahine rā tana waiata aroha mō tana tāne me tōna iwi (JPS 1897:104). / Then she told her children to make a flute, which they did, making three holes in it, and then the woman played her song of love for her husband and her people.
1. (noun) traditional chant.
1. (noun) song performed with a poi - modern songs are usually set to European-type tunes.
1. (noun) song of entertainment.
I taua wā kāore i ārikarika ngā waiata ngahau, waiata ā-ringa hoki a Tuīni Ngāwai e waiatatia ana e tō mātou kapa haka, ā, nā Hoani aua waiata i whakaako mai (Wh4 2004:79). / At that time there were many songs of entertainment and action songs by Tuīni Ngāwai being sung by our haka group and it was Hoani who taught us those songs.
1. (noun) choir.
Nō te tau 1939 i nuku atu a Tuīni ki Ākarana mō te wā poto, ā, i reira ka hono atu ia ki tētahi tira waiata, he nui te mahi pāho mai i te reo irirangi (TTR 2000:132). / In 1939 Tuīni moved to Auckland for a short time, where she joined a choir that made frequent radio broadcasts.
1. (noun) pop song.
He momo te waiata arotini ka takea mai i te puoro rakapioi i te ngahuru tau o te 1950. He maha ngā āhuatanga o te waiata arotini, engari ko ngā mea matua, ko tōna poto (te takiwā o te 2 ki te 5 meneti noa iho), ko tōna hanga (pērā i te whai o te korihi i ia whiti), me te rangi, he rangi māmā te hopu (RTP 2015:120). / Pop songs are a genre that originated from rock and roll in the 1950s. There are many characteristics of pop songs, but the main things are their shortness (in the vicinity of 2 to 5 minutes), their structure (such as a chorus following each verse), and the tune , which is easy to catch.
1. (noun) ballad.
He kōrero tara mō tētahi tangata, mō tētahi mahinga a te iwi, mō tētahi kaupapa ka kawea i roto i tēnei momo waiata, i te waiata paki. I ēnei rā, ka kīia e ētahi, ko ngā waiata aroha arotini he waiata paki hoki ērā. Ko Waltzing Matilda tētahi tauira o te waiata paki, he waiata nō Ahitereiria e mōhiotia whānuitia ana. I te nuinga o ngā waiata paki, he whaiwhai te korihi i ia whiti (RTP 2015:120). / A story about a person, an activity of the people, or a topic is conveyed in this song type, the ballad. These days, some also call pop love songs ballads. Waltzing Matilda, a widely known song from Australia, is an example of a ballad. For the majority of ballads the chorus follows each verse.
1. (noun) action song - a popular modern song type with set actions and European-type tunes. Also written as waiata-ā-ringa.
(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 55-63;)
Nā Paraire i para te huarahi mō ngā momo titonga waiata ā-ringa hou, mahue atu ana i a ia ngā waiata o te ao tawhito; kāore i rite ngā rangi ki ngā rangi Pākehā nui nei te rerenga, kāore i taea te waiata te whakaōrua, ā, he mīta whakahipahipa kē te momo waiata. I whāia kētia e Paraire te momo tito kupu e taunga ana ki ngā rangi ka taea te whakaōrua, ā, i tuhituhia e ia ngā rārangi orotahi ki te tohu orooro tika; i te nuinga o te wā he mea tango mai ngā rangi i ngā waiata Pākehā. (TTR 1996:256). / Paraire was a pioneer composer of songs in the new 'action song' style, moving away from classical waiata which used small note ranges, no harmony and irregular metre. Instead, he wrote words to fit harmonised tunes written in diatonic scales and generally deriving from European songs, the rhythms adapted to fit Maori idiom (DNZB 1996:535).
3. (verb) (-a) to break (rigid things such as sticks), break off.
I eke ia ki runga i te iata o tōna hoa, ka haere ki te whakarērere i te moana; ko te putanga o te pūrekereke hau, whati tonu atu te maihe o te kaipuke, ka hinga ki te moana (TP 1/6/1901:7). / He embarked on his friend's yacht and went to sail about on the ocean; a gust of wind blew and the mast of the ship snapped and fell into the sea.
5. (verb) (-a) to falter, make an unintentional break in a waiata or karakia - once considered a bad omen.
Mehemea e tū ana te tohunga, e karakia ana, e mākutu ana rānei i tētehi tangata, he pai tōna karakia, he mārama ki tōna whakarongo iho, ā, kua ngaro pea tētehi kupu, ka kīia tērā, “Kua whati.” Ka mōhio tonu te tohunga ko ia tonu ka riro (JPS 1894:207). / When the tohunga stands forth, and is uttering his karakia, or is bewitching someone, maybe his karakia is well said, and clear to his own hearing; but, if one word is perchance missing, that is said to be broken, whati. The tohunga knows at once he will be taken.
1. (verb) to lead (a haka).