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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

puni

1. (verb) (-a) to stop up, block, dam.

Ko te matenga o te tangata, ka hinga i te patu ki roto i te wai ka pāia, arā ka punia; koia Te Waipā (M 2004:406). / The people who were killed and fell into the stream blocking it up and bamming it, hence the name Te Waipā.

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2. (modifier) blocked, dammed, stopped up.

He awa puni Te Wairoa (W 1971:310). / The Wairoa river is dammed.

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3. (noun) camping place, camp.

E hoki mai ana rātau ki te whakatā mō te kotahi wiki, ka hoki atu ai ki tō rātau puni i Takapuna, Tāmaki-makau-rau (HP 1971:33). / They were returning to rest up for the week before returning to their camp at Takapuna, Auckland.

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4. (noun) company of people, contingent, detachment, group.

I te tau 1824 ka takina atu e Te Hanataua te puni a Ngāti Ruanui hei whakahirihiri i a Te Rauparaha e taiapuhia ana i Kapiti (TTR 1990:305). / In 1824 Te Hanataua led the Ngāti Ruanui contingent to assist Te Rauparaha who was being attacked on Kapiti Island.

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toi puni

1. (noun) installation art.

He momo toi ataata te toi puni, inā ka hangaia te mahinga toi mō roto i tētahi whaitua, pērā i te whare toi, i tētahi whare tūmatanui rānei (RTA 2014:182). / Installation art is a type of visual art, where the artwork is created for a specific space, such as an art gallery or a public building (RTA 2014:182).

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puni kahu

1. (noun) wardrobe, wardrobe department (performance).

He mahi nui tā te puni kahu kia eke taumata ai ngā mahi o runga i te atamira - mā muri ka tika a mua (RMR 2017). / The task of the wardrobe department is an important one so that the activities on the stage reach a high standard - work behind the scenes ensures that what happens out front is right.

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kura takai puni

1. (noun) war party, militia, form of attack in warfare where the fighting men attack in a compact force.

He kura takai puni: He ope taua i kopakina kia kotahi tana kōkiri, kia kore ai e pakaru; ko ētahi ingoa he kawau rukuroa, he kawau mārō (M 2006:52). / A 'kura takai puni': A war party dedicated to make one charge and not to become separated; other names are 'kawau rukuroa' and 'kawau mārō'.

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See also kura takahi puni

kura takahi puni

1. (noun) war party, militia, form of attack in warfare where the fighting men attack in a compact force.

Whakaae tonu mai te kāwanatanga, ko te haerenga mai o Kāpene Rei me tana kura takahi puni, hei awhi i te hunga Pākehā i roto i tō rātou pā tūwatawata, o te tāone hou o Whanganui (TWK 16:8). / The government immediately agreed and Captain Ray and his militia came to be near to the Pākehā people in their fort in the new town of Whanganui.

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Puni Kōkiri, Te

1. Ministry of Māori Development.

rehe

1. (verb) to be wrinkled.

Kua rehe te kiri o taku kuia. / My grandmother's skin is wrinkled.

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2. (verb) to be stunted, puny, undersized.

Ka rehe te tamaiti, ā, ka pūkiki (JPS 1906:21). / The child will be puny and stunted.

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3. (noun) wrinkle, fold in the skin.


4. (noun) expert, deft hand, virtuoso.

He tangata te hautipua he nui ōna pūmanawa ki āna mahi toi, arā, he tohunga ki āna mahi, he rehe. Kāore i nui te kitea o tēnei momo (RTP 2015:55). / A prodigy is a person with immense talent in their artistic field, an expert at what they do. Such people are few and far between (RTP 2015:55).

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See also ringa rehe


5. (noun) moko marks over the eyebrows.

kaurehe

1. (modifier) stunted, puny.

I mīharo ahau ki te tino pakari o te koroua kaurehe (Ng 1993:366). / I was amazed at the strength of the puny elderly man.

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2. (noun) monster.

Ko te kaurehe tēnei e huna nei i te tangata (W 1971:108). / This is the monster that is destroying people.

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kawau mārō

1. (noun) fighting formation, concentrated attack - a military tactic where the war party advances in a triangle formation in battle to come to close grips and to split the enemy ranks. Also known as koau mārō, kawau rukuroa and kura takai puni.

Ko tērā kupu ko te 'kawau mārō' nō te pakanga, arā mō te matua he mea whakakokoi te tū whakamua, ā, ka whakaeke ana kāore rawa e hoki mai, kāore hoki e marara (NIT 1995:187). / That saying, the 'kawau mārō' (straight-flying cormorant) is about warfare and concerns an army division that forms a point at the front and when attacking never retreats or scatters.

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2. (noun) advocate, champion, promoter.

He kawau mārō a Hōne Te Atirau Asher nō Tūwharetoa, noho ai hei kaiārahi i waenganui i te Māori rāua ko te Pākehā (TTR 1998:4). / Hōne Te Atirau was an advocate of Tūwharetoa and played a leadership role between Māori and Pākehā.

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koau mārō

1. (noun) fighting formation, concentrated attack - a military tactic where the war party advances in a triangle formation in battle to come to close grips and to split the enemy ranks. Also known as kawau mārō, kawau rukuroa and kura takai puni.

Kātahi ka rere ngā matua, ka haere rā i runga i te koau mārō (W 1971:110). / Then the army divisions advanced in the 'koau mārō' formation.

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See also kawau mārō

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