1. (noun) knowledge, wisdom, understanding, skill - sometimes used in the plural.
Ko ngā kaumātua e kaiponu ana i ngā kōrero e tika ana kia hāmenetia e mātou, e ngā tamariki, nō te mea he kōhuru tēnei i a mātou. Homai ngā kōrero me ngā mātauranga o mua hei taiaha mā mātou ki te patu i ngā Pākehā e kī nei he iwi kūare te Māori. Kaua e waiho mā ngā Pākehā e kōrero ngā tikanga Māori i roto i ngā nūpepa Pākehā, engari mā tātou, mā ngā Māori, e kōrero i roto i tā tātou nūpepa Māori, i 'Te Pipiwharauroa' (TP 10/1907:9). / It is right that the elders who are withholding information be censured by us, the children, because this is a treacherous abuse of custom against us. Provide us with the stories and the knowledge of the past as a weapon for us to combat the Pākehā who say that the Māori are an ignorant people. Don't leave it for the Pākehā to talk about Māori customs in English newspapers, but it's for us, the Māori, to talk about them in our Māori newspaper, 'Te Pipiwharauroa'. (From an article in Māori by Te Rangi Hīroa.)
2. (noun) education - an extension of the original meaning and commonly used in modern Māori with this meaning.
1. (noun) biology.
E tohu ana ngā taunakitanga katoa – ngā taonga i mahue mai, ngā hononga i waenganui i ngā reo, ngā mātauranga koiora, ngā tāhū kōrero – ki te mea ko Poronihia ki te rāwhiti te kāinga tūturu o te Māori (Te Ara 2011). / All the available evidence of artefacts, similarities of languages, biology and tradition suggests that eastern Polynesia was the Māori homeland.
1. (noun) science, scientific technique.
I te tekau tau atu i 1990, i te whanaketanga o ēnei mātauranga pūtaiao, ka arotakengia anōtia te wā tae tuatahi ai te tangata ki Aotearoa (Te Ara 2011). / During the 1990s as the scientific technique developed the date that humans first arrived in New Zealand was re-assessed.
1. (noun) university degree, academic qualification.
I te tau 1896, ka tutuki i a ia tana tohu paetahi ture (LLB). Ko ia te Māori tuatahi i oti i a ia he tohu mātauranga i tētahi whare wānanga i Aotearoa nei (TTR 1996:102). / He completed his LLB in 1896. He was the first Maori to complete a degree at a New Zealand university.
1. (noun) Māori knowledge - the body of knowledge originating from Māori ancestors, including the Māori world view and perspectives, Māori creativity and cultural practices.
1. (noun) ethnology, ethnography.
I hoki atu anō hoki ia i te tau 1955 ki te whai anō i te kaupapa rapunga whakaaro, ā, ka hia kē nei hoki te nui o ngā kōrero tuku iho me te mātauranga momo tangata o te Māori i oti i a ia te rangahau (TTR 2000:10). / He also returned in 1955 to pursue philosophy and did much research into Māori history and ethnography.