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Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

manawawera

1. (verb) to be excited, angry, fanatical, impassioned, passionate, ardent, fervent - sometimes written as two words, i.e. manawa wera.

He tangata kaha a Arapeta ki te whawhai i ngā kaupapa i manawawera ai ia (TTR 1998:178). / Albert was a strong fighter for causes he was passionate about.

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2. (noun) anger, excitement, volatile nature.

Hai tohu mō te manawawera o Te Pairi, tapaina ana ia e tōna whanaunga tata, e Mita Taupopoki ki te ingoa karanga 'Te Pairi Tarapekepeke' (TTR 1996:219). / To convey Te Pairi's volatile nature, his close relative, Mita Taupopoki, gave him the nickname Te Pairi Tarapekepeke (Te Pairi the leaper).

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3. (noun) type of haka with no set movements performed especially at tangihanga, unveilings and after speeches.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 69;)

Ka mahia te manawawera kei te kaihaka tonu āna nekeneke i tēnei momo haka. / When a manawa wera is done it's up to the performer to do her own actions with this type of haka.

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hīnana

1. (verb) to stare angrily, look fierce.

Hīnana ana ngā kanohi o Rewa (W 1971:51). / Rewa's eyes looked fierce.

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2. (verb) to search, seek.

Hīnana ki uta, hīnana ki tai (Te Ara 2015). / Search the land and sea. (The name of an elaborately carved storehouse of Ngāti Tūwharetoa built by Iwikau Te Heuheu. Also the name of a hui held at Pūkawa when the Kīngitanga was being set up.)

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3. (modifier) angry-looking.

Ko wai ka pīrangi whakahoahoa atu ki te tangata mata hīnana (HJ 2012:268). / Who wants to make friends with a person with an angry-looking face.

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puku o [te] rae

1. angry, annoyed, livid with rage - an idiom to express anger.

Ka pahū mai ā rāua tautohetohe, me te puku o te rae o Tānara. / Their arguing erupted and Donald was livid with rage.
Kāti noa te puku o tō rae, ka tere kuia koe (HKK 1999:90). / Just stop being angry or it will age you.

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See also puku te rae

peru

1. (verb) to snore, snort.

Kua peru te ihu o te Poa, kua tihe ngā ihu i te haunga tote o ngā pū a te Ingarihi, kua whati haere whakaroto (TJ 24/5/1900:4). / The Boars have snorted and sneezed from the smell of gun smoke of the guns of the English and they have fled inland.

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2. (noun) fullness about the eyes and lips when a person is angry.

Ka tuku ngā peru a tō tangata (W 1971:278). / Your man looks angry.

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3. (noun) head of a nail, nut, etc.

Kia tika tō paopao atu i te peru o te nēra (PK 2008:629). / You should strike the head of the nail correctly.

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4. (noun) eaves - overhanging part of the roof.

E nui ana te peru ki waho (W 1971:278). / The eaves outside are large.

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pukukino

1. (stative) be grumpy, bad-tempered, angry, volatile, cantankerous, irritable, crabby.

E mea ana a Te Hokena ko te Merenīhia he potopoto, he mangu, he māhunga mingimingi, he pukukino, he kūare, tēnā ko ngā Māori e noho tahi ana rātou he roroa, he ngāwari, he takahoahoa, he kiri mā - ko ētahi rite tonu ki te Pākehā te mā (TP 1/1909:4). / Mr Hogan reports that the Melanesians are shortish, black, have curly hair, are volatile and uneducated, whereas the Māori that they are living with are tall, gentle, friendly and fair-skinned - some are as white as the Pākehā.

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Synonyms: kiriweti, kiripiro


2. (modifier) grumpy, bad-tempered, angry, volatile, cantankerous, irritable, crabby.

Ko ngā wāhine pukukino anake e hiahia riri ana ki taua tangata. / Only bad-tempered women want to be angry at that man.

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pukuriri

1. (verb) to be angry, cross, hostile, furious, fuming, livid, irate, incensed, outraged, infuriated.

Ka pukuriri ia ki a mātau, ka patua mātau e ia ki tōna pōtae harakeke (HP 1991:24). / When he was angry with us he would hit us with his flax hat.

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2. (modifier) angry, irate, livid.

I kai ai i ō mātou hoariri, hei ngaki i te mauāhara a te ngākau pukuriri, ehara i te mate kai i kainga ai te tangata, engari he kai i te hoariri, kia ngata ai te ngākau kino ki a ia (JPS 1896:4). / We ate our enemies to satisfy the hatred of the angry heart, not through hunger after man's flesh, but enemies were eaten to assuage the bitter feelings towards them.

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3. (noun) anger, wrath, hostility, enmity.

Ka tīmata te pupuhi— ko te matenga tonutanga tēnei o te Rūhia, i te ohorere o te kōkiri a Toko, i te kaha, i te pukuriri, kua pōrahurahu noa iho te Rūhia (TP 6/1905:6). / When the bombardment began this was the downfall of the Russians and because of the suddenness, strength and ferociousness of Togo's attack, the Russians were quite confounded.

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puku te rae

1. angry, annoyed, livid with rage - an idiom to express anger.

Kia tūpato, kei puku te rae o tō pāpara. / Be careful or your uncle will get angry.
Kua puku te rae o tērā rā i te mea ko ia anake te mea kāore i pōhiritia kia haere ki te hui. / That one is really angry because she was the only one not invited to go to the meeting.

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See also puku o [te] rae

riri

1. (verb) (rīria) to scold, tell off, be angry, annoyed, enraged, furious, incensed, indignant, infuriated, irate, outraged, riled.

Ka whakakeke au. Kua rūpahu au ki taku māmā kāore noa iho ia i riri mai i a au (HP 1991:23). / I was silent. I had lied to my mother so that she would not be angry with me.

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2. (noun) anger, fight, quarrel, rage, wrath, battle.

Kāti te riri, whakarērea hoki te ārita; kei mamae koe, kei tākina kia mahi i te kino (PT Ngā Waiata 37:8). / Do not be angry, and forsake wrath; lest you be hurt or led into evil deeds.

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Synonyms: kakaritanga, kakari, kawe a riri, kekeritanga, pakanga, tatauranga, nguha, matawhāura, parekura, putakari, riringa


3. (noun) ferocity, violence, aggression.

Nō te mutunga o te riri o te puia ka ngaro ngā kōtiro tokorua rā, tētahi Pākehā nō Ākarana, me Hōhepa Wōpereki, kua oti te momi e te roto (TP 9/1903:10). / When the ferocity of the eruption ended those two girls, a Pākehā from Auckland and Joseph Warbrick were missing having been completely swallowed up by the lake.

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whakatakariri

1. (verb) (-ngia) to rouse indignation, be angry.

Ka whakatakariri a Raka' ki a Kohiti-nui, ā, taka rawa i tētehi rangi ka patua e Raka' (NIT 1995:21). / Raka' was angry with Kohiti-nui and one day Raka' killed him.

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2. (modifier) indignant, outraged, incensed, angry, irate, vexed.

Ka mutu ka tahuri te hunga i whakamaniorotia rā ki te moko i ō rātau kanohi (he mōhio iho kei te whakahēngia e te hāhi) hei tohu whakatakariri (TTR 1994:57). / The offended group began to revive tattooing (knowing it was opposed by the church) as a protest symbol.

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3. (noun) anger, indignation, outrage.

Kua nui rawa tōna whakatakariri mō ōna mate i a koutou, arā mō te nui o ana tāngata i mate me te nui o ana moni i whakapaua i runga i te pukutohe me te kaha o ngā tāngata o Karahi ki te riri (TWMNT 6/4/1875:74). / He is mightily enraged for the problems you have caused him, that is for so many lives and so much money that it has cost him because of the obstinacy of the Calesians' defence.

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wheke

1. (verb) to be angry, fuming, livid, irate, furious, incensed, outraged, infuriated.

Kei te wheke noa iho te tangata rā, he kore nōna i pōhiritia kia haere (HM 1/1994:3). / The man over there is just angry because he wasn't invited to go.

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tūpehupehu

1. (stative) be angry, annoyed, antagonized, enraged, furious, incensed, indignant, infuriated, irate, outraged, riled.

Kei te pakeke haere te mahi whakamārie i ngā rangatira kāhore i uru ki te whawhai i te wā e tūpehupehu haere ana a Tītokowaru. / The task of appeasing the leaders who did not enter into the war at the time that Tītokowaru was being belligerent is progressing.

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kei riri mai

1. don't be angry, my apologies.

Kei riri mai koe mō taku hē. / My sincere apologies for my mistake.

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ngutungutu

1. (verb) to gossip, be talkative.

Te wahine i te ringaringa me te waewae kakama moea; te wahine i te ngutungutu whakarērea atu (T 1944:246). / Marry the woman with nimble hands and feet; leave alone the woman who gossips.

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2. (noun) angry dispute, squabble.

He tangata kura māhorahora, kāore e aro atu ki ngā ngutungutu ririki a te rūnanga, a te hapū rānei (TTR 1994:181). / He was a generous person and would not take any notice of the petty squabbles of rūnanga or hapū.

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hīkaka

1. (verb) (-ia,-tia) to be rash, brisk, eager, overeager, keen.

I reira te Rōpū Reipa o Aotearoa e hīkaka ana ki te whakanui atu i te hunga tautoko mai i a rātou (TTR 1998:105). / The New Zealand Labour Party were there and were keen to expand the number of supporters.

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2. (modifier) rash, brisk.

Nā te tangata hīkaka, nā te ngākau tangatanga, nā te manawaroa, ka eke a Pātiti ki ngā taumata o te kaiārahi i te puku o Te Ika-a-Māui (TTR 1996:203). / Rash, venturesome, energetic and possessed of great stamina, Pātiti reached the pinnacle of tourist guiding in the central North Island.

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3. (modifier) malicious, angry.

He taitamariki hīkaka tēnā, kīhai i rongo ki ngā mātua (TTT 1/1/1932:86). / That was an angry youth who did not listen to his parents.

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4. (noun) anger, resentment.

I tōna taenga mai, ka whakatarea e rātau te haki o Ingarangi ki Tūranga. E whakapakari ana ki ngā Hauhau! Ka kawea ake e Hirini te hīkaka, nōna kē hoki te mana o te whenua, anā, kāore he kupu ki a ia i mua i te tarenga o te haki (TTR 1990:206). / On his arrival they raised a British ensign at Gisborne, in defiance of the Hauhau! Hirini was angered by this as he owned the land, and he had not been consulted before the flag had been raised.

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hūneinei

1. (verb) to be angry, annoyed, vexed, irritated, irate.

Ki te pīrangi koe koinei hei reo mōu, tēnā kia tika mai i a koe, ka whakarongo ki te hunga matatau me tā rātou kī mai, 'Me pēnei kē, me pērā kē' rānei, engari kaua e amowheke, e hūneinei noa! (HM 3/1998). / If you want this to be a language for you, then do it properly and listen to the people who are fluent when they say, 'Do it this way, or that way', but do not be annoyed or angry.

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2. (noun) anger, vexation, resentment, bitterness, rancour.

Mau tonu te hūneinei o rātau ko tōna reanga rangatira ki ngā mahi tūkino a te kāwanatanga i te murunga i ō rātau whenua i te tekau tau atu i 1860 (TTR 1998:146). / He and his generation of leaders remained incensed at the injustice of government land confiscations in the 1860s.

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tū ngā pihi

1. become angry, raise the heckles, get one's dander up, lose one's cool - an idiom.

I te wā i puta ai ngā kōrero mō te whakamātautau, ka tū ko ngā ihu o ētahi, ka tū ko ngā pihi o ētahi atu, ā , tata tonu ētahi ka pōkai anō i ō rātou tueke, ka takahi i te huarahi (HM 4/1996:3). / At the time that the discussions about the test were raised, some put their noses in the air, others became angry and some were on the verge of packing their bags and heading for the road.

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whakatūpehupehu

1. (verb) to become angry, bluster, rage, rebuke, castigate, censure, reprimand, reproach.

Kaua e whakatūpehupehu ki te kaumātua; engari āta kōrerotia atu ānō he matua (PT 1 Timoti 5:1). / Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father.

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2. (modifier) dogmatic, raging.

Kīhai a Wiremu i mataku ki te taupatupatu i ngā tikanga whakatuanui, tikanga whakatūpehupehu hoki (TTR 2000:143). / Wiremu was not afraid to debate dogmatic traditions and strictures.

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3. (noun) rage, bluster, censure, rebuke, reprimand, castigation, reproach.

Ka tukua e Ihowa ki a koe te kanga, te tuatea me te whakatūpehupehu (PT Tiuteronomi 28:20). / The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke.

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karatete

1. (verb) to be proud, angry.

I tana kore e paku whakarongo mai, ka karatete te whaea (PK 2008:219). / Because she would not take the slightest notice, her mother became angry.

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2. (noun) proud person.

Kātahi ia ka mea ki ngā minita o te Rōpū Hāhi Mihinare, wareware kore tana whakataurangi ki te kāwana. 'Ka pau i a au te kaha ki te whakamutu i ngā mahi pokanoa a te karatete nei.' (TTR 1990:66). / Then he told the ministers of the Church Missionary Society that he would never forget his promise to the Governor. 'I am determined to stop the unauthorised activities of that proud fellow.'

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kororiko

1. (stative) be black.

Kua kororiko ngā karu o te kurī. / The dog's eyes are black.

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2. (stative) be angry, lowering, black as thunder.

E tama! Kua kororiko katoa ōu kanohi (W 1971:146). / My son! Your eyes as black as thunder.

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ririhau

1. (verb) to be angry, violent, pugnacious, aggressive, belligerent, bellicose, antagonistic.

Nā e kore e pai kia ririhau te pononga a te Ariki; engari kia ngāwari ki ngā tāngata katoa, kia whai ngākau ki te whakaako, kia manawanui (PT 2Timoti 2:24). / And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient.

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2. (modifier) angry, violent, pugnacious, aggressive, belligerent, bellicose, antagonistic.

I taua wā ko Te Kooti te kaiārahi o tētahi rōpū ririhau (TTR 1994:83). / At that time Te Kooti was the leader of a belligerent group.

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3. (noun) anger, violence, pugnaciousness, aggression, belligerence, antagonism.

Ka kitea te ririhau i taua hanga, te taukumekume, te takaokeoke, te whakatioro i ngā taringa i te pararētanga (KO 16/5/1882:1). / The belligerence from that group was seen, the arguing, the scuffling, and the noise from their yelling.

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