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Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

mate

1. (stative) be dead, deceased, killed.

E kīia ana, nā tētahi kuia o Tūhourangi, he tangi mō ngā rangatira maha o tērā iwi i mate i te horonga o Mokoia i a Ngā Puhi (M 2004:134). / It is said that it is a lament by an elderly woman of Tūhourangi for the many chiefs of that tribe who were killed by Ngā Puhi in the fall of Mokoia.

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2. (stative) be sick, ill, ailing, unwell, diseased.

Hei ētahi wa i te Māori e mate ana, i te ohonga ake i te pō e kī ana tōna waha i te toto (TPH 15/6/1902:1). / Sometimes when a Māori person is ill, on waking in the night her mouth will be full of blood.

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3. (stative) be overcome, beaten, defeated, conquered, vanquished.

Maia-a-te-ahu. Kei roto o Uawa, kei te huarahi atu i Mangaheia ki Waimata, i mate ai Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti i a Ngāti Porou (M 2004:144). / Maia-a-te-ahu. A place in the Ūawa valley (Tolaga Bay), on the road from Mangaheia to Waimata, and the place where Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti were defeated by Ngāti Porou.

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4. (stative) be in want of, lacking, overcome, deeply in love.

Tekau, tae ki tekau mā rua ngā rā e haere puku ai te kāmera e kore e mate i te hemokai, i te kore wai rānei (TWMNT 15/3/1897:341). / The camel can go without food for ten to twelve days without being overcome by hunger or lack of water.

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5. (stative) be extinguished.

Ehara, kua weto taua ahi. Ana, tae rawa atu hoki a Mahuika ki te whare, kua mate noa iho i te ua (NM 1928:19). / Low and behold, the fire had been put out. And so when Mahuika returned to the house, it had been extinguished by the rain.

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6. (stative) be calmed down, decreased, diminished, subsided, abated (of the sea, wind, etc.).

Nō te 10 o ngā rā ka mate te hau, kātahi ka rere ngā tima tae ana anō ki Ōpōtiki (TWM 23/9/1865:2). / On the 10th day the wind subsided, then the ships sailed arriving again at Ōpōtiki.

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Synonyms: māriri, mauru


7. (noun) death.

E kīia ana hoki ko te take nui i haere mai ai te ope a Hongi Hika, i whakaekea ai a Mokoia, he takitaki i te mate o Te Pae-o-te-rangi rātau ko ōna hoa o Ngā Puhi, i patua e Tūhourangi ki Motutawa, i Rotokākahi (M 2004:134). / And it is said the main cause for the raid by the war party of Hongi Hika, which attacked Mokoia Island, was to avenge the death of Te Pae-o-te-rangi and his Ngā Puhi comrades, who had been killed by Tūhourangi on the island of Motutawa in Rotokākahi lake (Green Lake) (M 2004:135).

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8. (noun) misfortune, problem, defect, trouble, defeat, calamity.

Kātahi anō ka ea te mate o Ngā Puhi (JPS 1990:33). / Then finally the defeat of Ngā Puhi was avenged.

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9. (noun) sickness, illness, disease.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 156-157; Te Māhuri Textbook (Ed. 2): 121-125, 127, 132-135;)

E kīia ana i pāngia ia e tētahi mate pīwa (TP 8/1899 suppl:2). / It is said that he was suffering from a fever.

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10. (noun) desire, need, want.

Heoi pāngia iho taua tamaiti e te mate i te kai, me te rawakoretanga (TPH 30/12/1900:1) / And so that boy was overcome by the need for food and by poverty.

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kawe mate

1. (noun) mourning ceremony at another marae subsequent to the tangihanga and burial - relatives of the deceased, especially someone of importance, visit as a group the marae of communities. The kawe mate is often at the community's request. A photo is often held by one of the woman at the front of the group to represent the body of the deceased person and is placed on the verandah of the meeting house during the pōhiri.

Ko te haere o te ope nei he kawe mate, he tangi mate i ngā mate o te pakanga - he tangi ki ngā tamariki o Ngāti Porou i hinga ki te pakanga (TKO 31/7/1919:5). / The journey of the party was a kawe mate to weep for the dead of the war - to weep for the children of Ngāti Porou who fell in the war.

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See also hari mate

hari mate

1. (noun) mourning ceremony at another marae subsequent to the tangihanga and burial - relatives of the deceased, especially someone of importance, visit as a group the marae of communities. The kawe mate is often at the community's request. A photo is often held by one of the woman at the front of the group to represent the body of the deceased person and is placed on the verandah of the meeting house during the pōhiri.

See also kawe mate

mate Pākehā

1. (noun) Pākehā disease, foreign illness - illnesses and diseases introduced by Pākehā since colonisation as opposed to mate Māori which are psychosomatic illnesses attributed to transgressions of tapu or to mākutu.

Ka haumate te iwi i ngā mate Pākehā (Te Ara 2014). / The population was devastated by European diseases.

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mate roro

1. (noun) brain damage.

mate tākihi

1. (noun) kidney disease, renal disease.

mate tāne

1. (stative) be lustful (for a man), have an affair (with a man).

Heoi, ka taka he wā, ka whakarērea a Tāwera e Pareārau, ka haere ki te mate tāne haere me whetū kē (Te Ara 2011). / However, in time Venus is abandoned by Jupiter, who goes off to have affairs with other stars.

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mate taurekareka

1. (noun) terrible death, cancer.

mate urutā

1. (noun) epidemic, plague, pandemic, pestilence, deadly disease.

Āna whepu, he waipuke, he hemo kai, he mate urutā, he hoari, me ērā atu mea whakamamae, whakamate tāngata (TH 10/1860:1). / His punishments are floods, famines, pestilence, war, and other things which cause suffering and death to people.

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mate wahine

1. (verb) to be having a period, menstruate.

I runga i ngā tikanga Māori, kia kaua te wahine e haere ki te kaukau i te awa, i te moana i a ia e mate wahine ana (PK 2008:434). / According to Māori custom, a woman should not go swimming in streams and the sea when she has her period.

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2. (adjective) be lustful, lust after (a woman).

I taua wā ko Te Kooti te kaiārahi o tētahi rōpū ririhau, he whānako hōiho, he mate wahine ngā mahi (TTR 1994:83). / At that time Te Kooti was the leader of a turbulent group involved in stealing horses and adulterous exploits.

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3. (noun) period, menstruation, menstrual cycle.

I ngā rā o nehe, ko te kope te taputapu hei pupuri i te toto i te wā o te mate wahine (PK 2008:433). / In the olden days, kope were used to stop the blood flow during menstruation.

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mate wai

1. (verb) to be thirsty.

See also matewai

mate rino

1. (noun) anaemia.

Ki te iti rawa te rino o ngā toto, e kīia ana he mate rino. / If there's a deficiency of iron in the blood, that is called anaemia.

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hanga mate

1. (stative) be sickly.


2. (noun) ill health.

Ka mauria anō ia ki te whare herehere mō te marama kotahi, ahakoa tana pakeke me tana hanga mate (TTR 1990:357). / He was taken to prison for one month, despite his age and ill health.

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mate hirinaki

1. (verb) die of old age.

Ka kī rā ia, "Waiho taku reo kia mate rangatira", arā, kia mate hirinaki, kia mate koeo, kia mate tara-ā-whare engari kia kaua e riro mā te kōhuru rawa e mate ai! (TTTT 2006:12) / He said, "Let my language die a noble death", that is, let it die of old age, of natural causes, but don't allow it be be murdered!

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mate huka

1. (loan) (noun) diabetes, diabetic.

I tana pānga e te mate rehu ohotata i te tau 1993 me te poronga atu o ōna waewae i te mate huka, haere tonu ai ia ki ngā hui a Te Ohu Kai Moana mā runga tūru wīra (TTR 2000:49). / After he had a stroke in 1993 and his legs were amputated because of diabetes, he continued attending the meetings of the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Commission in a wheelchair.

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mate hukihuki

1. (noun) epilepsy.

I ēnei rangi kua hori ake nei, i te uiuinga i te take o te mate o tētahi tamaiti i mate ki Tamihana Tiriti, Pōneke, kitea iho ko te take o te mate, he mate hukihuki (TPH 1/11/1898:4). / In recent days the investigation as to the reason for the death of a child in Thompson Street, Wellington, has found that the reason for the death was epilepsy.

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mate hinengaro

1. (noun) psychiatric disorder, mental illness.

I whakamātau anō hoki a ia ki te whakakore atu i ngā mataku me ngā kōaro o te hunga noa mō te āhua o te mate hinengaro (TTR 2000:123). / She also attempted to dispel public fears and prejudices about mental illness.

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mate kai

1. (stative) be hungry.

I kai ai i ō mātou hoariri, hei ngaki i te mauāhara a te ngākau pukuriri, ehara i te mate kai i kainga ai te tangata, engari he kai i te hoariri, kia ngata ai te ngākau kino ki a ia (JPS 1896:4). / We ate our enemies to satisfy the hatred of the angry heart, not through hunger after man's flesh, but enemies were eaten to assuage the bitter feelings we had.

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See also matekai

mate koroputaputa

1. (noun) smallpox.

Kua kore haere te mate koroputaputa ki ngā whenua katoa e werowerohia ana ōna tāngata (MM.TKM 1859 9:4). / Smallpox has gone from all the countries where their inhabitants were once afflicted.

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mate manawa

1. (noun) heart attack, cardiac problem.

E rua tau i tupuheke haere ai te ora o Kīngi. He āhua maha ngā wā i tae atu ia ki te hōhipera, he mate manawa te take (TTR 2000:93). / Over the next two years Kingi Ihaka’s health deteriorated. He was hospitalised a number of times for cardiac problems.

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