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Loan words

Historical loan words

whānau

1. (verb) (-a) to be born, give birth.

I whānau au ki Nūhaka, Hāki Pei, i te 10 o ngā rā o Maramarima, tau 1904, i tō mātau kāinga e pātata atu ana ki te awa o Nūhaka (HP 1991:12). / I was born at Nūhaka, Hawkes Bay, on the 10th May, 1904, at our home close to the Nūhaka River.

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2. (noun) extended family, family group, a familiar term of address to a number of people - the primary economic unit of traditional Māori society. In the modern context the term is sometimes used to include friends who may not have any kinship ties to other members.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 3; Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 52-54;)

E ai ki te kōrero a te whānau, kāre i iti iho i te tokoiwa ngā wāhine, tokorua ngā tāne (TTR 1996:100). / According to family information, there were no fewer than nine girls and two boys.

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Kōmihana ā whānau

1. (noun) Families Commission.

whānau meka matua

1. (noun) family of facts (maths).

Mō ia paheko tau, arā anō ētahi paheko e noho whanaunga mai ana. Ina whakaemia ēnei paheko whanaunga, e kīia ana he whānau meka matua. Hei tauira, mō te 3 + 4 = 7, koia nei te katoa o te whānau meka matua: 3 + 4 = 7; 4 + 3 = 7; 7 - 3 = 4;7 - 4 = 3 (TRP 2010:331). / For each number operation there are other operations which are related. Together they are called a family of facts. For example, 3 + 4 = 7; 4 + 3 = 7; 7 - 3 = 4;7 - 4 = 3 is a family of facts (TRP 2010:331).

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Whānau-a-Apanui, Te

1. (noun) tribal group from Maraenui to Tihirau on the East Coast, who descend from Apanui-waipapa.

(Te Kākano Textbook (Ed. 2): 42;)

Hei tamāhine tēnei mā te tohunga rā, mā Hōri Kēti o Te Whānau-a-Apanui (TTR 1994:6). / She was daughter to the renowned tohunga of Te Whānau-a-Apanui, George Gage.

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