**2.**
**(noun)**
puzzle.

*Ko ētahi momo panga e mōhiotia nuitia ana, ko te pangahono me te mataono a Rubik (PK 2008:582). * / Some types of puzzles that are known widely are the jigsaw puzzle and Rubik's cube.

## pānga

**1.**
**(noun)**
shares, interest (in land, etc.), connections with, related to, association with.

*Nā tētahi o ngā pakeke o Ngāti Rākaipākā, nō te Hāhi o te Hunga Tapu o Ngā Rā o Muri nei, arā, te Hāhi Mōmona, i tuku tētahi pānga whenua hai whakatū i a Kahungunu ki runga (HP 1991:80).* / One of the elders of Ngāti Rākaipākā belonging to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, that is the Mormon Church, ceded a piece of land on which to erect Kahungunu.

**2.**
**(noun)**
affliction, afflicted.

*Ka toru ngā tau o te pānga mai o tana mate rūmātiki ki a ia (HKW 10/1898:4).* / He was afflicted with rheumatism for three years.

**3.**
**(noun)**
function, relation.

*Ko te pānga te hononga i waenga i ētahi taurangi e rua. Mā te kupu, mā te tūtohi, mā te whārite, mā te takirua raupapa, mā te kauwhata rānei e whakaatu te pānga i waenganui i ngā taurangi (TRP 2010:192).* / The function/relation is the connection or relationship between two sets of variables. A relation can be shown in words, in a table, with an equation, with a set of ordered pairs, or with a graph (TRP 2010:192).

## whai pānga

**1.**
**(verb)**
to have a share, have a place, have an interest.

*Ka kōrero te pirihimana e iwa ngā tāngata e whai pānga ana ki tētahi pito whenua i Hakanui (TPH 30/5/1912:5).* / The policeman said that nine people had interests in a plot of land at Hakanui.

See also whaipānga

## pānga riterite

**1.**
**(noun)**
proportion.

*I te tinana tūturu, kei te takiwā o te hauwaru te rahi o te upoko i te rahi o te tinana. He rerekē te pānga riterite o te poupou e whakaaturia nei. He neke atu i te hautoru te rahi o te upoko i te rahi o te katoa o te tinana (RTA 2014:126).* / With a real body, the size of the head is in the vicinity of an eighth of the size of the body. The proportions of the carved post shown here are different. The size of the head is more than a third of the size of the whole body.

**2.**
**(noun)**
proportional relationship (maths).

See also whakaaro pānga riterite

## pānga rārangi

**1.**
**(noun)**
linear relationship (maths).

*Mēnā he pānga rārangi kei waenganui i ētahi taurangi e rua, ā, ka whakaaturia ki te kauwhata, he rārangi torotika te āhua o te kauwhata (TRP 2010:195).* / If there is a linear relationship between two variables and the relationship is shown on a graph, the graph will be a straight line (TRP 2010:195).

## pānga tahi

**1.**
**(noun)**
one-on-one relationship (maths).

*Ko te 'haurua' te pānga e whakaaturia ana i konei. He pānga tahi tēnei. Arā, kōtahi anake te pānga o tētahi huānga ki tētahi (TRP 2010:193)* / A half is the relationship shown here. This is a one-on-one relationship. That is, there is only one relationship of one element to another.

## pānga tāpiripiri

**1.**
**(noun)**
additive relationship (maths).

*He pānga tāpiripiri kei waenganui i ngā taurangi e rua e whai ake nei nā te mea ka noho pūmau te tau tāpiri i tētahi taurangi kia puta ai te taurangi tuarua (TRP 2010:194).* / There is an additive relationship between the following two variables because the addend remains fixed to a particular variable so that a second variable appears.

## pānga whakarea

**1.**
**(noun)**
multiplicative relationship (maths).

*Ka kiīa tēnei he pānga whakarea nā te mea ka noho pūmau te tau whakarea i tētahi taurangi (2k) kia puta ai te taurangi tuarua (h). He rārangi torotika te kauwhata o tētahi pānga whakarea (TRP 2010:193).* / This is called a multiplicative relationship because the coefficient remains fixed to a particular variable (2k) so that the second variable (h) appears. The graph of a multiplicative relationship is a straight line.

## pānga kōaro

**1.**
**(noun)**
inverse function, inverse relation (maths).

*Ko te pānga kōaro te huringa kōaro o tētahi pānga kei waenganui i ētahi taurangi e rua. Hei tauira, ko te haurua te pānga kōaro o te rearua (TRP 2010:194).* / An inverse relation is the reversal of a relationship between two variables. For example, half is the inverse relation of double. (TRP 2010:194).

## ine pānga tōraro

**1.**
**(noun)**
negative correlation (maths).

*E whakaaturia ana i te kauwhata marara i raro nei, he ine pānga tōraro kei waenga i te tawhito o te motukā me te utu hoko o taua motukā, arā, ka heke te utu i te tawhito haere o te motukā (TRP 2010:140).* / Shown in this scatter graph below is a negative correlation between the age of a car and the purchase price of that car, that is the decrease in the price in relation to the aging of the car.

## whakaaro pānga riterite

**1.**
**(noun)**
proportional reasoning (maths).

*Ko te whakaaro pānga riterite te momo whakaaro ka hua mai i te pānga tāpiripiri, i te pānga whakarea rānei kei waenganui i ētahi rahinga e rua, ētahi taurangi e rua rānei (TRP 2010:319).* / Proportional reasoning is the type of thinking that arises from seeing an additive or multiplicative relationship between two quantities or variables (TRP 2010:319).

## tatau pānga tahi

**1.**
**(noun)**
one-to-one counting.

*I tēnei momo tatau, i te tatau pānga tahi, e honoa ana te tau kotahi ki tētahi mea kotahi e tatauria ana. Arā, he pānga tahi ō ia tau ki ia mea e tatauria ana. Koia nei tētahi hīkoitanga matua hei whakaū mā te tamaiti i roto i tana ako i te mātauranga tau (TRP 2010:266).* / In one-to-one counting, one number is matched to each object being counted. The ability to count 'one-to-one' is a key aspect of childrens' learning in number (TRP 2010:266).