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Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

Filters

Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

hakoko

1. (verb) to be bent, concave, curved, twisted.

Ka hakoko te hihi aho, e whakawhiti ana mai i te hau takiwā ki te wai. Ka hakoko te hihi aho nā te mea he pōturi ake te ngaru aho i roto i te wai, tēnā i te hau takiwā (RP 2009:183). / A ray of light bends when travelling from air into water. It bends because the light wave travels slower in water than it does in air.

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2. (modifier) be bent, concave, curved, twisted.

Me pereti hakoko, kia kore ai e maringi te wairanu (PK 2008:68). / It should be a curved plate so that the gravy doesn't spill.

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3. (noun) cramp.

I pāngia ia e te hakoko. / She was afflicted with cramp.

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4. (noun) adult muttonbird, adult sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus, - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 14-16;)

tītī

1. (verb) to squeak, make a sharp barely audible sound.

Ka tītī te kiore i roto i te raupō (W 1971:414). / The mouse squeaked in the raupō.

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2. (noun) muttonbird, sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus, young of the sooty shearwater - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.

(Te Pihinga Textbook (Ed. 2): 14-16;)

E rua ngā mahinga tītī: ko te nanao ki te pī i te rua; ko te rama pī ka puea i o rātou rua (Te Ara 2011). / There are two stage in harvesting muttonbirds (sooty shearwaters): nanao, when chicks are extracted from their burrows; and rama, when the chicks are caught by torchlight when they come out of their burrows.

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See also ōi, hakoko


3. (noun) Cook's petrel, Pterodroma cookii - a uncommon endemic seabird found around Stewart island and in NE North Island. Has a white forehead, scaled grey on forecrown. Dark eye patch and crown and upperparts pale grey with M across wings. Black bill long and fine.

manu

1. (noun) bird - any winged creature including bats, cicadas, butterflies, etc.

Ki te kore he kai, kua riro mā tētahi o ngā tohunga e karakia, kua rere mai he kai ki runga ki te waka. He ika, he manu me ētahi atu tūmomo kai mata (HP 1991:9). / If there was no food, one of the tohunga would say a ritual chant and food would fly onto the vessel - fish, birds and other types of raw food.

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2. (noun) kite.

Ka eke ki runga, ka whakahakahaka iho ngā manu rā, ka piki anō whakarunga ngā manu rā, aua tonu ake, ka tiu anō ki runga ki te pā (JPS 1905:76). / Those kites ascended to a height, and then descended, then climbed upwards again until they were a long way up, and swooped again over the pā.

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3. (noun) person held in high esteem - a figurative use usually qualified by an epithet, e.g. manukura (leader in council, leader).


4. (noun) family muttonbirding territory - each muttonbirding island is divided into a number of manu, with boundaries defined by geographic features, trees, etc.

hākēkeke

1. (noun) muttonbird, sooty shearwater, Puffinsus griseus, adult sooty shearwater - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.

koakoa

1. (noun) muttonbird, sooty shearwater, Puffinsus griseus - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.

See also tītī


2. (noun) short-tailed shearwater, Puffinus tenuirostris - small to medium-sized shearwater with mostly chocolate brown plumage and slightly darker brown cap and collar. Silvery white panels on the underwing. Bill and legs mostly dark brown.

takakau

1. (noun) muttonbird, sooty shearwater, Puffinsus griseus - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.

See also tītī

ōi

1. (verb) to shout.

E ōi atu ana me kore e aro mai te kuia hoi rā (PK 2008:541). / She was shouting out in the hope that the deaf old lady might take notice.

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2. (noun) shout.

Ka tangi te ōi (W 1971:238). / The shout was made.

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3. (noun) grey-faced petrel, Pterodroma macroptera, northern muttonbird, great-winged petrel - a native seabird with blackish-brown plumage except for a pale grey forehead, sides of the face, chin and throat. Has a stout black bill and black legs and feet.

Ka mutu, ki tā ngā mātauranga whaipara tangata, he hōrapa te noho o te ōi ki Aotearoa i mua i te noho tangata (Te Ara 2011). / What's more, according to archaeologists petrels were widely distributed throughout prehistoric New Zealand.

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totorore

1. (noun) Antarctic prion, Pachyptila desolata - a small, blue and white seabird with narrow black tip on tail. Upperparts blue-grey, with a broad, M-shaped mark extending from elbow on upperwing to where hindwing meets back. Underparts white.


2. (noun) muttonbird, sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.

See also hakoko

pūwharetāiko

1. (noun) muttonbird scrub, Brachyglottis rotundifolia var. rotundifolia - shrub or tree to 9 m tall. Branchlets have dense buff to whitish hairs. Leaves are thick and leathery. Found in the southern South Island, Stewart Island and nearby islands in coastal areas.

ōi

1. (noun) muttonbird, sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus, young of the sooty shearwater - a grey-faced petrel with a long slender bill hooked at the tip and silvery-grey flash on the underwings, which nests in underground burrows.


2. (noun) short-tailed shearwater, Puffinus tenuirostris - small to medium-sized shearwater with mostly chocolate brown plumage and slightly darker brown cap and collar. Silvery white panels on the underwing. Bill and legs mostly dark brown.

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