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Idioms

Phrases

Proverbs

Loan words

Historical loan words

1. (noun) sun.

Ka haupū te kupenga tawhito ki uta, ki ngā parenga o ngā wai tauraki ai ki te , ka maroke, ka pakapaka (TP 1/1/1901:6). / The old net lies in a heap on the shore and on the banks of streams to dry in the sun. It dries out and is baked.

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2. (noun) day.

(Te Kōhure Textbook (Ed. 2): 219;)

I te i iriiritia ai rātou, kotahi tonu te hūtu i waenganui i a rātou katoa (TTT 1/11/1921:10). / On the day that they were baptised they only had one suit between them all.

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3. (noun) sail (of a canoe).

Ka mea atu a Tama ki ngā kaimahi o runga o tōna waka, "Hūtia te punga, tākiritia hoki ngā ." (NM 1928:60). / Tama said to the crew on his canoe, "Raise the anchor and unfurl the sails."

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kōmaru

1. (stative) be cloudy.

I te ohonga ake he rangi takō, ahiahi rawa kua kōmaru (PK 2008:295). / On awakening it was a clear sky, but by the afternoon it had clouded over.

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2. (noun) sun.

Ka tīmata i te ao e nohoia nei e tātou, ā, pā noa ki te kōmaru e whiti nei i te rangi, e ara mai nei i te ata, e torengi atu nei i te ahiahi (KO 13/11/1882:6). / It begins in the world where we live until the sun shines in the sky, rising in the morning and setting in the evening.

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3. (noun) sail.

Ka whakaarahia i konei tō rāua kōmaru, ā, ka tukua tō rāua urungi i konei (KO 15/7/1884:7). / They raised their sail here and put down their steering paddle.

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poupou

1. (verb) to be at its height, on the meridian, aloft (of the sun).

Kua poupou te rā, ka puta ngā Mehemete e toru (HP 1991:184). / When the sun was on the meridian three Messerschmitts appeared.

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2. (modifier) steep, perpendicular, upright.

Ko te wāhi tukunga atu ki te awa he tahataha āhua poupou tonu (HP 1991:20). / The place for entering the river was quite a steep bank.

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3. (noun) wall-pillars, post, pole, upright slabs forming the framework of the walls of a house, carved wall figures, peg, stake.

Ka titiro a Wairangi, ko ngā poupou o te whare he kōhurihuri kahikatea (JPS 1910:198). / Wairangi looked and noticed that the side posts of the house were of sapling white pine.

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4. (noun) old folk.

Ka aroaroā au ki aku poupou (TTTT 2006:40). / I missed my old folk.

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5. (noun) father-in-law, mother-in-law.

Kātahi ka kī atu te wahine rā ki tana tāne, “Kua kite au i tōu poupou." (JPS 1893:214). / Then that woman said to her husband, “I have seen your father-in-law."

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uranga

1. (noun) glowing, rising (of the sun), setting (of the sun).

Kāore anō i roa kau ake te uranga o te rā kua pō (W 1971:468). / It wasn't very long after the glowing of the sun before it was night.

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nekuneku

1. (verb) to decline, set (of the sun).

Nekuneku rawa ake te rā, kua ngehe, kua tāhōhō te nuinga o ngā ākonga (HM 4/1994:2). / When the sun was finally setting the majority of the learners were tired.

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tūmāhoehoe

1. (verb) to be vertical, high (of the sun).

I whakataukī tētahi kaumātua mō te ngaro o te Māori, "Ka tūmāhoehoe te rā, ka wharara, ka hinga." (HKW 1/6/1901:5). / An elder made a statement about the disappearance of the Māori, "The sun is on high, but it will decline and fall."

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Tamanuiterā

1. (personal name) Sun - personification and sacred name of the sun. Sometimes written as Tama-nui-te-rā.

(Te Māhuri Study Guide (Ed. 1): 63;)

Kātahi ka āta haere taua māia nei, a Tama-nui-te-rā (NM 1928:14). / After that that fellow, Tama-nui-te-rā travelled slowly.

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Hineraumati

1. (personal noun) one of the two wives of the sun, with whom the sun spends the summer months.

E kīia ana kei te whenua a Hineraumati e noho ana, ā, ko ia te whakatinanatanga o te one mahana e āwhina ana kia hua mai ngā māra i te raumati (Matariki 2017:41). / It is said that Hineraumati lives on Earth, and is personified in the warm soil that helps the gardens be productive in summer.

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whiti

1. (verb) (-kina,-ngia,-a,-kia) to shine (of sun).

Ānō he āniwaniwa ēnei kupu, ina kitea, e mōhio ana tātou tērā te ua e whitingia ana e te rā (KO 15/9/1885:3). / It's as if these words are a rainbow in that when it's seen we know that the rain is being shone on by the sun.

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2. (noun) shining.

Mutu rawa ake te kanikani kua tata te whiti o te rā i te Rātapu (EM 2002:201). / When the dance finally ended the sun had almost risen on Sunday.

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heketanga

1. (noun) descent, downward slope.

Mō te mākututanga tēnei a Mahu i te hunga i haere mai rā ki te uhunga ki a Kurapatiu, ka poua taua iwi hei kōhatu; tū tonu iho i te aranui o te heketanga tu ai i runga o Kohuipu (ki ētahi Kahuipu), e tū mai nā anō (M 2004:362). / This refers to the bewitching by Mahu of the party who had come to mourn for Kurapatiu, and who were all turned into stone; and remained standing on the trail at the steep descent from the heights of Kohuipu (some have it as Kahuipu), and there they still stand (M 2004:363).

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2. (noun) decent, decline (e.g. of the sun).

Kei te iwa o ngā haora o te ata o taua rā tīmata ai te mahi, kei te whā tonu o ngā haora o te heketanga o te rā mutu ai (TKP 7/6/1858:1). / At nine o'clock in the morning of that day the activity begins and at four o'clock in the afternoon it ends.

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3. (noun) migration.

I te tekau tau o te 1950 me te 1960 ka piki anō te taupori Māori, ā, ka whakatika anō te heketanga mai i ngā taiwhenua ki ngā tāone (Te Ara 2015). / In the 1950s and 1960s, the Māori population increasingly migrated from rural areas to the cities.

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tūhoe

1. (verb) to be steep.

Ka tūhoe te tuanui, e kore e tūturu (W 1971:449). / The roof is steep, it is not upright.

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2. (noun) high (of the sun at noon), midday.

I te tūhoe kai tōna tiketiketanga te rā (Ng 1993:277). / The sun is at its highest point at midday (Ng 1993:277).

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See also tūhoetanga

tōanga

1. (noun) setting (of the sun).

Ko te uma o te kōtiro e ka whakaea, ānō he hone moana āio i te waru e ūkura ana hoki i te tōanga o te rā, ka rite ki te kiri o tuawahine (NM 1928:58). / The girl's breast, oh when she breathed it was like the calm ocean swell in the eighth month (January) and the glowing of the setting of the sun was like the skin of our heroine.

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tītaha

1. (verb) (-tia) to lean to one side, slant, be on one side, pass on one side, go in an oblique direction, tilt, list.

He rite te āhua o te tiki ki tētahi tangata anuanu kei te raka ōna waewae, kei te tītaha tōna māhunga (Te Ara 2013). / The hei tiki looks like a distorted human figure sitting cross-legged, its large head tilted to one side.

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2. (verb) to decline (of the sun, stars, etc.).

Ka hua te rātā, ka tītaha a Matariki ki te uru, ka tae ki te ngahuru, kua poki te rua kūmara, arā, kua tae katoa te kūmara ki te rua (White 4 1889:115). / When the rātā flowers and the Pleiades are setting in the west, autumn has arrived and the kūmara storage pit is covered over, that is the kūmara crop is all in the storage pit.

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3. (adjective) be skewed, slanting.

He tītaha hoki tēnei tuari (TRP 2010:296). / This distribution is also skewed.

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4. (modifier) sideways, slanting, tilting, turning to one side, skewed.

Ka rere tītaha te rere a taku poi (M 2005:204). / My poi flies sideways.

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5. (noun) slant, lean, slope.

Whakahauhautia ana e Ānaru ngā kaumoana ki te whakaōrite i te tū o ngā kararehe, engari he neke nō ngā kararehe ki te taha matau o te kāraho o te kei o te waka, ka hē kē atu te tītaha o te tima (TTR 2000:5). / Ānaru ordered the crew to straighten out the stock to equalise the load, but because the cattle moved to the right side of the after deck, the ferry listed still further.

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6. (noun) skewing, slanting.

He tītaha hoki tēnei tuari. He tōraro te tītaha o tēnei kauwhata (tītaha tōraro). Arā, ko te tihi kei te taha matau o te kauwhata - he iti ake te toharite i te tau tānui (TRP 2010:296). / This distribution is also skewed. The skewing of this graph is negative (negatively skewed). That is, the maximum is on the right hand side of the graph - the mean is smaller than the mode.

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7. (noun) italics.

Whai i muri mai i tērā, ko te whakamārama, e noho tītaha mai ana ki tōna anō pae (HKK 1999:9). / Following that is the explanation in italics in its own section.

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hunu

1. (noun) beam, ray (of the sun).

huru

1. (verb) to glow, rise (of the sun).

Māku tēnei, mā te rā e tō ana. He aha kei a koe? Kei te rā e huru ake ana (NP 2001:280). / This is for me, for the sun that is setting. What is for you? It is the sun that is rising. (A whakataukī about an elderly person whose life is fading, but a young person has the future.)

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2. (modifier) rising, glowing.

Ka mea atu a Turi, "Me anga tāua ki te rā huru." (NM 1928:95). / Turi said, "We must head towards the rising sun."

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3. (noun) glow.

Kei te noho a Apakura i runga i tōna whare, ka titiro atu. Ka kitea e ia te huru o te ahi. Ka mau ia te huruhuru ki te rangi (Tr 1874:49). / Apakura was sitting on the top of her house, watching. She saw the glow of the fire.

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ihi

1. (noun) essential force, excitement, thrill, power, charm, personal magnetism - psychic force as opposed to spiritual power (mana).

E ai ki te mahara ake o tētehi o te minenga ki a Mere e wani mai ana i te whatārangi kia tū ai ki te aroaro-ā-kapa, ki reira haka tahi atu ai me rātau me te puta o te ihi, o te wana (TTR 1998:1) / One member of the audience remembered Mere gliding across the stage to stand in the front row of the haka group to join them in the haka with great excitement and gusto.

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2. (noun) ray (of the sun), beam of light.

Ka whakatakotoria ki te rua o te rā te māhanga. I raro anō te rā, ko te huruhuru ka puta. I raro anō te rā, ko te ihi i puta ake. Ka puta ake te upoko, ka puta ake te kakī. Ka karangatia e Māui, kia kumea te māhanga (Tr 1874:40). / The noose was set at the pit of the sun. The sun was still down when the diffused glow appeared and it was still down when the beam of light appeared. The head appeared and then the neck. Then Māui called out to pull the noose.

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kaokao

1. (verb) to be sideways on to the rising sun.

Pēwhea te takoto o taua māra, he kaokao, he matanui rānei? (W 1971:95). / Does the garden lie sideways to the rising sun or does it face east?

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2. (noun) side of the body, flank.

Ko tōna aroha nui hoki ki a koe i rangona, i kitea i a koe i tīpapa mai rā i te kaokao o tō tipuna whare i tō papa o Tū-te-ao (Kāretu 2010:12). / His great love for you was felt and witnessed while you were lying in your ancestral house at your marae of Tū-te-ao.

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3. (noun) side (of a mountain, etc.).

He pō te wā i tanuku iho ai te kaokao o te maunga nei, ka kekē te rākau, te kōhatu (M 2004:254). / It was during the night that the side of this mountain collapsed, shattering trees and rocks.

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4. (noun) chevron - a pattern that was on mats used when high-born children were conceived.

E kīia ana, whakaatu mai ai te kaokao i te ngoi o te toa. / It is said that the kaokao pattern illustrates the strength of a warrior.

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matanui

1. (verb) to be coarse-grained (of rock).

Ko te toka māhurehure tētahi momo toka parataiao, he matanui te āhua (RP 2009:407). / Conglomerate rock is a type of sedimentary rock that is course-grained.

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2. (verb) to be lying towards the rising sun, face east.

Pēwhea te takoto o taua māra, he kaokao, he matanui rānei? (W 1971:95). / Does the garden lie sideways to the rising sun or does it face east?

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3. (modifier) coarse-grained (of a grindstone).

Mā te hōanga matanui e tika ai te mata o te whao, mā te hōanga matarehu e whakakoi (RTA 2014:90). / The coarse-grained grindstone will straighten the edge of the chisel, the fine-grained grindstone will sharpen it.

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kengo

1. (verb) to become dark, set (of the sun).

Ka kengo te rā (W 1971:114). / The sun set.

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2. (noun) night.

paka

1. (verb) (-ina,-tia) to be dried, baked, hot (of the sun).

Me i paka te kai, ka reka (W 1971:250). / If the food is baked it is tasty.
Ko tō mātau kāinga he kāinga tahito kua pakatia i ngā i tini tūpuhi o te wā (TWK 17:2). / Our home was an old home that had been weatherbeaten from the many storms of time.

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2. (modifier) dried, baked, hot (of the sun).

Ka kawea he kai takoto roa ki reira, he ika maroke, he kete aruhe paka, he pāua maroke, he tahā huahua, he karaka tao maroke, he kete tawa tao whakamaroke (JPS 1919:85). / Some long lasting food was taken there, dried fish, kits of baked fernroot, dried pāua, preserved birds, cooked dried karaka berries and kits of cooked dried tawa berries.

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Synonyms: pakapaka


3. (noun) scraps, dried food.

E kore te hiakai e ngata i ngā paka nei (PK 2008:565). / Hunger will not be satisfied with these scraps.

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